The WHO predicts by 2030 that death and disease attributed to road traffic accidents will outnumber most other causes of death worldwide. Source poor countries will shoulder the majority of these injuries and deaths, with literature suggesting that up to 81% of these deaths occur in areas without established EMS. Demographic data on trauma patients were collected in Southern Peru, identifying major causes of injury, injury patterns and identifying transport methods. A novel lay provider trauma training course was developed and is currently being implemented through teaching of lay populations in the Sacred Valley, Peru.
Vietnam, like many developing countries, lacks organized and dedicated Emergency Medicine training as a specialty. While many EM practitioners exist, very few are residency trained specific to Emergency Medicine. The University of Utah's Division of Emergency Medicine, as well as two large institutions in Southern Vietnam (Ho Chi Minh City), Cho Ray Hospital and University Medical Center, have partnered to develop and maintain Emergency Medicine as a specialty in Vietnam and continue educational exchanges between faculty and residents there. Current areas of research focus are in ultrasound application as well as critical care. An annual CME conference is hosted by Cho Ray Hospital where both local physician experts and Utah EM faculty/fellows teach.
Dr. Peter Taillac has developed a partnership between Rajiv Gandhi Univresity and the University of Utah Division of Emergency Medicine that trains primary care physicians stationed in rural India in the basics of Emergency Care. The course was developed to meet the needs of acutely ill patients presenting to clinics in rural India where little to no resources exist to provide resources for critically ill and traumatically injured patients. Goals of training are to teach physicians to recognize critical illness and injury, stabilization and initiation of transfer to higher level of care facilities. This program continues to expand, there exist many opportunities for residents and potential fellows to become involved and the Indian Government has expressed interest in further development in other locales across the country due to its success.