James F. Bale, Jr., MD

Research Interests

  • Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infections


  • English

Academic Information

  • Departments: Neurology - Professor, Pediatrics - Professor
  • Divisions: Pediatric Neurology

Board Certification

  • American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology (Neurology)
  • National Board of Medical Examiners
  • American Board of Pediatrics (Pediatrics)

Academic Bio

James F. Bale, Jr., MD, Professor of Pediatrics and Neurology, serves as the Vice Chair for Education in the Department of Pediatrics and the Director of the Categorical Pediatric Residency Program. Dr. Bale is also a member of the Board of Trustees for Primary Children's Medical Center, Salt Lake City, Utah. Dr. Bale's clinical and research interests have focused on congenital infections, especially those due to cytomegalovirus, and for many years, he ran an NIH-funded laboratory that investigated the molecular epidemiology of cytomegalovirus infections in young children. Currently, his career focuses on the pediatric residency program and the educational needs of residents, fellows and faculty. During his 30 years in academic child neurology, Dr. Bale has published over 130 manuscripts and written more than 50 book chapters regarding clinical child neurology, neurologic infections, and pediatric education. He is the senior author of an illustrated textbook, The Color Handbook of Pediatric Neurology, that describes the diagnosis and management of many conditions affecting the nervous system of infants, children and adolescents. From 2003 to 2005, Dr. Bale served as President of the Child Neurology Society, and from 2010 to 2012 he served as Chair of the Council of Pediatric Subspecialties, an organization devoted to the advancement of the pediatric subspecialties. He currently serves on the Certifying Examination Committee of the American Board of Pediatrics and on the NST-1 study section of the NIH.

Research Statement

Dr. Bale's research interests focus on medical education and congenital human infections. He currently serves as the Director of Utah's participation in the AAMC-sponsored Education in Pediatrics Across the Continuum (EPAC), an innovative medical student program that uses competency-base metrics, rather than time, to determine readiness for the transition from undergraduate medical education (medical school) to graduate medical education (internship and residency). Utah is one of four U.S. medical schools to participate in this pilot project. Dr. Bale also serves as Co-PI of a Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute-funded study of family centered rounds. The overarching hypothesis of the latter study is that medical errors in pediatric hospitals can be reduced by integrating families more effectively into clinical rounds and medical decision making.

Dr. Bale's has a career-long interest in human congenital infections, particulary those due to cytomegalovirus and has published extensively regarding cytomegalovirus, both in humans and animal models. He will serve as a consultant to the Utah State Department of Health Surveillance of congenital Zika virus infections.

Education History

Type School Degree
Other Training University of Utah
Conflict Resolution
Certification University of Utah, David Eccles School of Business
Physician Executive Leadership
Postdoctoral Fellowship University of California San Francisco (VAMC)
Postdoctoral Fellow
Fellowship University of Utah School of Medicine
Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Residency University of Utah School of Medicine
Residency University of Utah School of Medicine
Professional Medical University of Michigan
Undergraduate University of Michigan Residential College