Jacob Kean, PhD


  • English

Academic Information

  • Departments: Communication Sciences and Disorders - Adjunct Associate Professor, Population Health Sciences - Associate Professor
  • Divisions: Health System Innovation and Research

Academic Office Information

  • 801-213-3751
  • Williams Building
    295 Chipeta Way, Room: 1N455
    Salt Lake City, UT 84108

Education History

Type School Degree
Other Training Center for Rehabilitation Research Using Large Datasets, University of Texas Medical Branch
Rehabilitation Research
Visiting Scholar
Graduate Training University of Illinois
Measurement, Evaluation, Statistics, Assessment
Other Training NIH Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (TIDIRH)
Dissemination and Implementation Research
Visiting Scholar
Other Training Health & Disability Research Institute, Boston University School of Public Health
Rehabilitation Research
Visiting Scholar
Fellowship Massachusetts General Hospital
Functional MRI
Visiting Fellow
Doctoral Training Indiana University Bloomington
Speech and Hearing Sciences
Fellowship Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana
Predoctoral Research Fellow
Graduate Training Indiana University Bloomington
Speech-Language Pathology
Undergraduate Ball State University
English Education
Undergraduate Purdue University

Selected Publications

Journal Article

  1. Malec JF, Stump TE, Monahan PO, Kean J, Neumann D, Hammond FM (2018). Rasch Analysis, Dimensionality, and Scoring of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Irritability and Aggression Subscales in Individuals With Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 99(2), 281-288.e2.
  2. Chen CX, Kroenke K, Stump TE, Kean J, Carpenter JS, Krebs EE, Bair MJ, Damush TM, Monahan PO (2018). Estimating minimally important differences for the PROMIS pain interference scales: results from 3 randomized clinical trials. Pain, 159(4), 775-782.
  3. Kean J, Brodke DS, Biber J, Gross P (2018). An introduction to Item Response Theory and Rasch Analysis of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10). Brain Impair, 19(Spec Iss 1), 91-102.
  4. Kroenke K, Talib TL, Stump TE, Kean J, Haggstrom DA, DeChant P, Lake KR, Stout M, Monahan PO (2018). Incorporating PROMIS Symptom Measures into Primary Care Practice-a Randomized Clinical Trial.LID - 10.1007/s11606-018-4391-0 [doi]. (Epub ahead of print) J Gen Intern Med.
  5. Rahurkar S, McFarlane TD, Wang J, Hoover S, Hammond F, Kean J, Dixon BE (2017). Leveraging Health Information Exchange to Construct a Registry for Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal Cord Injury and Stroke in Indiana. AMIA Annu Symp Proc, 2017, 1440-1449.
  6. Presson AP, Zhang C, Abtahi AM, Kean J, Hung M, Tyser AR (2017). Psychometric properties of the Press Ganey(R) Outpatient Medical Practice Survey. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 15(1), 32.
  7. Witkin LR, Zylberger D, Mehta N, Hindenlang M, Johnson C, Kean J, Horn SD, Inturrisi CE (2017). Patient-Reported Outcomes and Opioid Use in Outpatients With Chronic Pain. J Pain, 18(5), 583-596.
  8. Ash AC, Redmond SM, Timler GR, Kean J (2017). The influence of scale structure and sex on parental reports of children's social (pragmatic) communication symptoms. Clin Linguist Phon, 31(4), 293-312.
  9. Malec JF, Kean J, Monahan PO (2017). The Minimal Clinically Important Difference for the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 32(4), E47-E54.
  10. Wambaugh J, Shuster L, Bailey DJ, Mauszycki S, Kean J, Nessler C, Wright S, Brunsvold J (2016). Self-Judgments of Word Production Accuracy in Acquired Apraxia of Speech. Am J Speech Lang Pathol, 25(4S), S716-S728.
  11. Kroenke K, Wu J, Yu Z, Bair MJ, Kean J, Stump T, Monahan PO (2016). Patient Health Questionnaire Anxiety and Depression Scale: Initial Validation in Three Clinical Trials. Psychosom Med, 78(6), 716-27.
  12. Kean J, Monahan PO, Kroenke K, Wu J, Yu Z, Stump TE, Krebs EE (2016). Comparative Responsiveness of the PROMIS Pain Interference Short Forms, Brief Pain Inventory, PEG, and SF-36 Bodily Pain Subscale. Med Care, 54(4), 414-21.
  13. Davis LL, Kroenke K, Monahan P, Kean J, Stump TE (2016). The SPADE Symptom Cluster in Primary Care Patients With Chronic Pain. Clin J Pain, 32(5), 388-93.
  14. Malec JF, Kean J (2016). Post-Inpatient Brain Injury Rehabilitation Outcomes: Report from the National OutcomeInfo Database. J Neurotrauma, 33(14), 1371-9.
  15. Pretz CR, Kean J, Heinemann AW, Kozlowski AJ, Bode RK, Gebhardt E (2016). A Multidimensional Rasch Analysis of the Functional Independence Measure Based on the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database. J Neurotrauma, 33(14), 1358-62.
  16. McGuire AB, Salyers MP, White DA, Gilbride DJ, White LM, Kean J, Kukla M (2015). Factors affecting implementation of an evidence-based practice in the Veterans Health Administration: Illness management and recovery. Psychiatr Rehabil J, 38(4), 300-5.
  17. Thurber S, Kishi Y, Trzepacz PT, Franco JG, Meagher DJ, Lee Y, Kim JL, Furlanetto LM, Negreiros D, Huang MC, Chen CH, Kean J, Leonard M (2015). Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Delirium Rating Scale Revised-98 (DRS-R98). J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 27(2), e122-7.
  18. Van Puymbroeck M, Altenberger P, Combs S, Miller K, Kean J, Williams L, Schmid AA (2014). The influence of mood related variables on activity and participation in individuals with chronic stroke. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 30(3), 216-22.
  19. Kroenke K, Yu Z, Wu J, Kean J, Monahan PO (2014). Operating characteristics of PROMIS four-item depression and anxiety scales in primary care patients with chronic pain. Pain Med, 15(11), 1892-901.
  20. McGuire AB, Kean J, Bonfils K, Presnell J, Salyers MP (2014). Rasch analysis of the illness management and recovery scale-clinician version. J Eval Clin Pract, 20(4), 383-9.
  21. Salyers MP, Brennan M, Kean J (2013). Provider Expectations for Recovery Scale: refining a measure of provider attitudes. Psychiatr Rehabil J, 36(3), 153-9.
  22. Miller KK, Combs SA, Van Puymbroeck M, Altenburger PA, Kean J, Dierks TA, Schmid AA (2013). Fatigue and pain: relationships with physical performance and patient beliefs after stroke. Top Stroke Rehabil, 20(4), 347-55.
  23. Kean J, Malec JF, Cooper DB, Bowles AO (2013). Utility of the Mayo-Portland adaptability inventory-4 for self-reported outcomes in a military sample with traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 94(12), 2417-24.
  24. Malec JF, Hammond FM, Flanagan S, Kean J, Sander A, Sherer M, Masel BE (2013). Recommendations from the 2013 Galveston Brain Injury Conference for implementation of a chronic care model in brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 28(6), 476-83.
  25. Franco JG, Trzepacz PT, Meagher DJ, Kean J, Lee Y, Kim JL, Kishi Y, Furlanetto LM, Negreiros D, Huang MC, Chen CH, Leonard M, de Pablo J (2013). Three core domains of delirium validated using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Psychosomatics, 54(3), 227-38.
  26. Malec JF, Kean J, Altman IM, Swick S (2012). Comparative Psychometric Analysis of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4) in Patients with Cerebrovascular Accident and Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 93(12), 2271-5.
  27. Reilly J, Westbury C, Kean J, Peelle JE (2012). Arbitrary symbolism in natural language revisited: when word forms carry meaning. PLoS One, 7(8), e42286.
  28. Trzepacz PT, Franco JG, Meagher DJ, Lee Y, Kim JL, Kishi Y, Furlanetto LM, Negreiros D, Huang MC, Chen CH, Kean J, Leonard M (2012). Phenotype of subsyndromal delirium using pooled multicultural Delirium Rating Scale--Revised-98 data. J Psychosom Res, 73(1), 10-7.
  29. Scott PJ, Altenburger PA, Kean J (2011). A collaborative teaching strategy for enhancing learning of evidence-based clinical decision-making. J Allied Health, 40(3), 120-7.
  30. Kean J, Malec JF, Altman IM, Swick S (2011). Rasch measurement analysis of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4) in a community-based rehabilitation sample. J Neurotrauma, 28(5), 745-53.
  31. Kean J, Abell M, Malec JF, Trzepacz PT (2011). Rasch analysis of the orientation log and reconsideration of the latent construct during inpatient rehabilitation. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 26(5), 364-74.
  32. Kean J, Trzepacz PT, Murray LL, Abell M, Trexler L (2010). Initial validation of a brief provisional diagnostic scale for delirium. Brain Inj, 24(10), 1222-30.
  33. Kean J, Locke DEC (2008). Neuropsychological consequences of cancer and cancer treatment. Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, 18(4), 144-51.
  34. Reilly J, Kean J (2007). Formal distinctiveness of high- and low-imageability nouns: analyses and theoretical implications. Cogn Sci, 31(1), 157-68.
  35. Murray LL, Kean J (2004). Resource theory and aphasia: Time to abandon or time to revise? Aphasiology, 18(3), 830-35.
  36. Williams LS, Stump T, Schmid AA, Kean J (Under Review). Development of the 35-item Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Scale (SS-QOL-35). Arch Phys Med Rehabil.


  1. Kroenke K, Monahan PO, Kean J (2015). Pragmatic characteristics of patient-reported outcome measures are important for use in clinical practice. [Review]. J Clin Epidemiol, 68(9), 1085-92.
  2. Seel RT, Sherer M, Whyte J, Katz DI, Giacino JT, Rosenbaum AM, Hammond FM, Kalmar K, Pape TL, Zafonte R, Biester RC, Kaelin D, Kean J, Zasler N (2010). Assessment scales for disorders of consciousness: evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice and research. [Review]. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 91(12), 1795-813.
  3. Kean J, Ryan K (2008). Delirium detection in clinical practice and research: critique of current tools and suggestions for future development. [Review]. J Psychosom Res, 65(3), 255-9.


  1. Kean J, Malec JF (2014). Towards a better measure of brain injury outcome: new measures or a new metric? Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 95(7), 1225-8.


  1. Reilly J, Kean J (2011). Information content and word frequency in natural language: word length matters [Letter to the editor]. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 108(20), E108; author reply E109.