Academic Requirements


Grade Point Average (GPA)

The minimum acceptable GPA is 3.0. Applicants with a science, non-science, or overall GPA below 3.0 will not be considered. The average GPA is 3.6 in science, non-science, and overall. All grades received for college credit are included in the AMCAS GPA calculation. If a course is repeated, both grades received for that course are calculated into the GPA.

To determine average criteria, the applicant's GPA is compared to the average GPA of students who have gone on to attend medical school from the applicant's undergraduate institution.

Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT)

All applicants are required to take the MCAT within three years of their application. Only the most recent MCAT score is considered. Applicants should strive to have an MCAT score at or above 492 with a score of at least 123 in each section of the MCAT.

Recommended Activities

Community/Volunteer Service

Community/Volunteer service is defined as involvement in a service activity without constraint or guarantee of reward or compensation. The medical profession is strongly oriented to service in the community. Applicants should demonstrate a commitment to the community by involving themselves in service and volunteer activities. Work performed in service learning courses and community service performed as part of employment does not satisfy this requirement.

  • We recommend that you complete at least 36 total hours within the last 4 years. To be a competitive applicant, we recommend that you endeavor to complete at least 100 hours within last 4 years.


Leadership is defined as a position of responsibility for others, with a purpose to guide or direct others. Dedication, determination, ability to make decisions and a willingness to contribute to the welfare of others are indicators of one's ability to succeed in medicine. Individuals with these characteristics readily accept positions of leadership and are an asset to their community and profession. Leadership capacity can be demonstrated in a variety of ways. Positions in employment, church, the community, and school organizations including coaching, tutoring, and mentoring will satisfy this requirement.

  • We recommend that you have at least 1 leadership experience lasting 3 months within the last 4 years.  Competitive applicants will have 3 different leadership experiences each lasting 3 months within the last 4 years.


Research is defined as involvement in a scholarly or scientific hypothesis investigation that is supervised by an individual with verifiable research credentials. Research may be in any discipline and performed at any site. However, it must involve the testing of a hypothesis.

  • We recommend that you participate in hypothesis-based research.  This may be part of a class where you answered or tested a hypothesis and received a grade. Examples: A writing project, laboratory work, etc.

Applicants with a stronger research experience will have completed hypothesis-based research outside of the classroom that is supervised by an individual with verifiable research credentials. May include independent research or senior thesis.

Physician Shadowing

Physician shadowing is defined as the observation of a physician as that individual cares for and treats patients and carries out the other responsibilities of a medical practice.

Shadowing must be done with an allopathic (MD) or osteopathic (DO) physician in their practice in the United States. Time spent shadowing medical students, interns, residents, fellows, physician assistants, podiatrists, veterinarians, nurses, EMTs, PhDs etc., will not be considered. It is our recommendation that applicants shadow several physicians who work in various specialties including primary care. Shadowing family members who are physicians is discouraged.

  • We recommend that you shadow a physician for at least 8 hours.  Competitive applicants will have shadowed a variety of physicians for at least 24 hours.

Patient Exposure

Patient exposure is defined as direct interaction with patients and hands-on involvement in the care of conscious people in a health care-related environment, attending to their health maintenance, progression, or end of life needs. It is important that the applicant be comfortable working with and around people who are ill, sick, injured, or diseased.

Direct patient exposure can be gained in a variety of ways e.g. volunteering or working in hospitals, emergency rooms, clinics or nursing care facilities, hospice ,or physical rehabilitation centers. Patient contact does not include indirect patient care such as housekeeping (cleaning, operating, or patient rooms) staffing the hospital information desk, or working in a pharmacy.

  • We recommend that you complete at least 32 hours of direct patient care. Competitive applicants will have completed at least 48 hours.

Note:  Physician shadowing and caring for friends and family members cannot be used to meet this requirement.