Research & Publications
Aortorenal bypass is an effective and durable therapy for autoimmune-induced renovascular hypertension. However, when technical and patient factors preclude this option, renal autotransplantation can be a viable alternative. We present a 32-year-old woman who underwent aortobi-iliac bypass with left renal autotransplantation for malignant hypertension secondary to Takayasu arteritis. This is the first description of using machine preservation with a continuous pulsatile perfusion pump to maintain renal preservation before reimplantation. Our method proved safe to the patient and allowed for protection of the organ from prolonged warm ischemia and intraoperative hypoperfusion during a complex reconstruction. J Vasc Surg. 2019 Feb;69(2):545-554. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.05.222. Epub 2018 Aug 11.
OBJECTIVE: Optimizing medical management through glucose control, smoking cessation, and drug therapy (ie, antiplatelet and statin agents) is recommended as first-line therapy for patients with claudication. The aims of this study were to determine how frequently veterans with claudication received optimal medical management (OMM) before undergoing elective open lower extremity bypass procedures nationwide and whether preoperative OMM was associated with improved surgical outcomes.
OBJECTIVE: Frailty and sarcopenia are related but independent conditions commonly diagnosed in older patients that can be used to assess their ability to tolerate the stress of major vascular surgery. For surgical decision-making, however, it is important to know the prognostic implications associated with each of these conditions. The study was designed to assess the association of frailty and sarcopenia phenotypes with long-term survival of patients undergoing surgical and nonsurgical management of vascular disease.
OBJECTIVE: Frailty, a clinical syndrome associated with loss of metabolic reserves, is prevalent among patients who present to vascular surgery clinics for evaluation. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a rapid assessment method shown to be highly specific for identifying frail patients. In this study, we sought to evaluate whether the preoperative CFS score could be used to predict loss of independence after major vascular procedures.
OBJECTIVE: Arteriovenous (AV) fistulas are the preferred hemodialysis access for patients with end-stage renal disease, although multiple interventions are typically needed to maintain patency. When AV fistulas thrombose, however, there is debate as to whether open thrombectomy should be attempted, particularly for salvage of upper arm fistulas. This study was designed to evaluate outcomes after open thrombectomy of upper arm and forearm AV fistulas compared with AV grafts.
Radial artery aneurysms are exceedingly rare, with only a few reported cases of surgical revascularization. We describe a 25-year-old man who presented with severe ischemia of the right hand secondary to an idiopathic true radial artery aneurysm at the anatomic snuff box. The patient had embolic occlusions in his hand and fingers that were treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis. During angiography, the blood supply to the affected hand was determined to be radial artery dominant, and therefore the aneurysm was resected and revascularized using an interposition great saphenous vein graft. The patient denied ischemic symptoms postoperatively, and duplex ultrasound examination at a 10-month follow-up showed patent interposition graft.