Skip to main content
Brian C. Sauer

Brian C. Sauer, PhD, MS

Languages spoken: English

Academic Information

Departments Primary - Internal Medicine , Adjunct - Biomedical Informatics , Adjunct - Family & Preventive Medicine , Adjunct - Population Health Sciences

Divisions: Epidemiology , Public Health

Academic Office Information

brian.sauer@utah.edu

Research Interests

  • Pharmacoepidemiology
  • Medical Informatics
  • Health Care Quality and Patient Safety
  • Quality of Medication Use
  • Causal Inference

My research interests include pharmacoepidemiology, comparative effectiveness research, medical informatics, and causal inference. My goals are to develop new knowledge and methods that improve the research process and realize them in applied research. We are accomplishing this by improving our theoretical understanding of research and causal inference. We are also developing methods to improve the transparency and reproducibility of our database research. I have received funding from the Veterans Health Administration and the Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership (OMOP) to develop Transparent ReUsable database and Statistical Tools (TRUST), which are analytic modules that execute specific data transformation and analytic tasks. Modules are compiled to develop workflows that can be automated, shared and reused by other investigators. We want to establish a social network of epidemiologists, biostatisticians and health services research for the purpose of collaborating and sharing research materials such as program code and analytic modules.

I serve on multiple working groups to develop guidelines for database management and observational comparative effectiveness research. I have used my role as one of the COIN center analytic core leads to develop and implement templates and standard operating procedures for epidemiological data management. We are also developing principles of epidemiologic data management and a framework for integrating project plans across research teams and roles.

Education History

Graduate Training University of Utah
MS
Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Fellow
Doctoral Training University of Florida
PhD
University of Florida
BS

Selected Publications

Journal Article

  1. Dolomisiewicz A, Ali H, Roul P, Yang Y, Cannon GW, Sauer B, Baker JF, Mikuls TR, Michaud K, England BR (2023). Updating and Validating the Rheumatic Disease Comorbidity Index to Incorporate ICD-10-CM Diagnostic Codes. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken), 75(10), 2199-2206.
  2. Wallace BI, England BR, Baker JF, Rojas J, Sauer BC, Roul P, Kunkel GA, Braaten TJ, Petro A, Mikuls TR, Cannon GW (2023). Lowering Expectations: Glucocorticoid Tapering Among Veterans With Rheumatoid Arthritis Achieving Low Disease Activity on Stable Biologic Therapy. ACR Open Rheumatol, 5(9), 437-442.
  3. Jeong S, George MD, Mikuls TR, England BR, Sauer B, Cannon GW, Baker JF (2023). Changes in Patterns of Use of Advanced Therapies Following Emerging Data About Adverse Events in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis From the Veterans Affairs Health System. ACR Open Rheumatol.
  4. Burningham Z, Jackson GL, Kelleher JL, Morris I, Stevens MB, Cohen J, Maloney G, Sauer BC, Halwani AS, Chen W, Vaughan CP (2023). Use of a Medication Safety Audit and Feedback Tool in the Emergency Department Is Affected by Prescribing Characteristics. Appl Clin Inform, 14(4), 684-692.
  5. Johnson TM, Mahabir CA, Yang Y, Roul P, Goldsweig AM, Binstadt BA, Baker JF, Sauer BC, Cannon GW, Mikuls TR, England BR (2023). Aortic Stenosis Risk in Rheumatoid Arthritis. JAMA Intern Med, 183(9), 973-81.
  6. Dutt S, Roul P, Yang Y, Johnson TM, Michaud K, Sauer B, Cannon GW, Baker JF, Curtis JR, Mikuls TR, England BR (2023). Multimorbidity Patterns and Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Outcomes: Findings from a Multicenter, Prospective Cohort. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken).
  7. Gordon AJ, Saxon AJ, Kertesz S, Wyse JJ, Manhapra A, Lin LA, Chen W, Hansen J, Pinnell D, Huynh T, Baylis JD, Cunningham FE, Ghitza UE, Bart G, Yu H, Sauer BC (2023). Buprenorphine use and courses of care for opioid use disorder treatment within the Veterans Health Administration. Drug Alcohol Depend, 248, 109902.
  8. Luedders BA, Cope BJ, Hershberger D, DeVries M, Campbell WS, Campbell J, Roul P, Yang Y, Rojas J, Cannon GW, Sauer BC, Baker JF, Curtis JR, Mikuls TR, England BR (2023). Enhancing the identification of rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease through text mining of chest computerized tomography reports. Semin Arthritis Rheum, 60, 152204.
  9. Patel S, Pinnell D, Qualls J, Rathod A, Chen W, Boutin S, Woods SD, Kovesdy CP, Tangri N, Sauer BC (2023). Assessing patiromer utilization and associated serum potassium changes in US veterans with prior sodium polystyrene sulfonate exposure. Medicine (Baltimore), 102(9), e33134.
  10. England BR, Yang Y, Roul P, Haas C, Najjar L, Sayles H, Yu F, Sauer BC, Baker JF, Xie F, Michaud K, Curtis JR, Mikuls TR (2022). Identification of Multimorbidity Patterns in Rheumatoid Arthritis Through Machine Learning. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken), 75(2), 220-230.
  11. Pinnell D, Patel S, Qualls J, Chen W, Rathod A, Woods SD, Boutin S, Kovesdy CP, Tangri N, Sauer BC (2022). Real-world evaluation of patiromer utilization and its effects on serum potassium in veterans with end stage kidney disease. Medicine (Baltimore), 101(50), e32367.
  12. Patel S, Qualls J, Pinnell D, Rathod A, Chen W, Sauer BC (2022). Justification for initiating patiromer when restricted by prior authorization and clinical guidance in a US health care system. J Manag Care Spec Pharm, 28(12), 1410-1418.
  13. Baker JF, England BR, George MD, Wysham K, Johnson T, Kunkel G, Sauer B, Hamilton BC, Hunter CD, Duryee MJ, Monach P, Kerr G, Reimold A, Xiao R, Thiele GM, Mikuls TR (2021). Elevations in adipocytokines and mortality in rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford), 61(12), 4924-4934.
  14. Garcia BN, Lu CC, Chen W, Stephens AR, Kazmers NH, Sauer BC, Tyser A (2022). Factors Associated With Unplanned Reoperation After 4-Corner Arthrodesis: A Study of 478 Wrists. J Hand Surg Glob Online, 5(1), 1-5.
  15. Johnson TM, Yang Y, Roul P, Sauer BC, Cannon GW, Kunkel G, Michaud K, Baker JF, Mikuls TR, England BR (2022). A Narrowing Mortality Gap: Temporal Trends of Cause-Specific Mortality in a National Matched Cohort Study in US Veterans With Rheumatoid Arthritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken).
  16. Niu H, Omitaomu OA, Langston MA, Olama M, Ozmen O, Klasky HB, Laurio A, Sauer B, Ward M, Nebeker J (2022). Detecting anomalous sequences in electronic health records using higher-order tensor networks. J Biomed Inform, 135, 104219.
  17. Natalini JG, England BR, Baker JF, Chen Q, Singh N, Mahajan TD, Roul P, Thiele GM, Sauer BC, Mikuls TR, Johnson FB, Kawut SM (2022). Associations between shortened telomeres and rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease among U.S. Veterans. Respir Med, 201, 106943.
  18. Baker JF, England BR, George MD, Wysham K, Johnson T, Lenert A, Kunkel G, Sauer B, Duryee MJ, Monach P, Kerr G, Reimold A, Thiele GM, Mikuls TR (2022). Adipocytokines and achievement of low disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis. Semin Arthritis Rheum, 55, 152003.
  19. Burningham Z, Lagha RR, Duford-Hutchinson B, Callaway-Lane C, Sauer BC, Halwani AS, Bell J, Huynh T, Douglas JR, Kramer BJ (2022). Developing the VA Geriatric Scholars Programs' Clinical Dashboards Using the PDSA Framework for Quality Improvement. Appl Clin Inform, 13(4), 961-970.
  20. Munger MA, Nelson SD, Teng CC, Cheung AK, Sauer BC (2022). Reduced risk of NSAID-Induced adverse events with concomitant use of misoprostol (MICRO study). Pharmacotherapy, 42(7), 540-548.
  21. Wheeler AM, Roul P, Yang Y, Brittan KM, Sayles H, Singh N, Sauer BC, Cannon GW, Baker JF, Mikuls TR, England BR (2022). Risk of Prostate Cancer in US Veterans With Rheumatoid Arthritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken), 75(4), 785-792.
  22. Federico LE, Johnson TM, England BR, Wysham KD, George MD, Sauer B, Hamilton BC, Hunter CD, Duryee MJ, Thiele GM, Mikuls TR, Baker JF (2022). Circulating Adipokines and Associations With Incident Cardiovascular Disease in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken).
  23. Passey D, Healy R, Qualls J, Hamilton CJ, Tilley E, Burningham Z, Sauer B, Halwani A (2022). Development and implementation of a pharmacist-led telehealth medication management program for veterans receiving oral antineoplastic therapies through the MISSION Act. Am J Health Syst Pharm, 79(11), 835-843.
  24. Smith EG, Austin KL, Kim HM, Miller DR, Sauer BC, Valenstein M (2021). Suicide death over the first year of lithium versus valproate treatment in cohorts with and without bipolar disorder. J Psychiatr Res, 147, 349-356.
  25. Omitaomu OA, Klasky HB, Olama M, Ozmen O, Pullum L, Malviya Thakur A, Kuruganti T, Scott JM, Laurio A, Drews F, Sauer BC, Ward M, Nebeker JR (2021). A new methodological framework for hazard detection models in health information technology systems. J Biomed Inform, 124, 103937.
  26. Zeidan M, Garcia BN, Lu CC, Stephens AR, Chen W, Kazmers NH, Sauer BC, Tyser AR (2021). Risk of Total Wrist Arthrodesis Following Proximal Row Carpectomy: An Analysis of 1,070 Patients. J Hand Surg Am.
  27. Johnson TM, Sayles HR, Baker JF, George MD, Roul P, Zheng C, Sauer B, Liao KP, Anderson DR, Mikuls TR, England BR (2021). Investigating changes in disease activity as a mediator of cardiovascular risk reduction with methotrexate use in rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis, 80(11), 1385-1392.
  28. Romanelli RJ, Schwartz NRM, Dixon WG, Rodriguez-Watson C, Sauer BC, Albright D, Marcum ZA (2021). The use of narrative electronic prescribing instructions in pharmacoepidemiology: A scoping review for the International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 30(10), 1281-1292.
  29. England BR, Campany M, Sayles H, Roul P, Yang Y, Ganti AK, Sokolove J, Robinson WH, Reimold AM, Kerr GS, Cannon GW, Sauer BC, Baker JF, Thiele GM, Mikuls TR (2021). Associations of serum cytokines and chemokines with the risk of incident cancer in a prospective rheumatoid arthritis cohort. Int Immunopharmacol, 97, 107719.
  30. Sauer BC, Chen W, Shen J, Accortt NA, Collier DH, Cannon GW (2021). Potential for Major Therapeutic Changes to Produce Significant Clinical Response Across a Broad Range of Disease Activity: An Observational Study of US Veterans With Rheumatoid Arthritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken), 73(7), 964-974.
  31. Carlson VR, Anderson LA, Lu CC, Sauer BC, Blackburn BE, Gililland JM (2021). Perioperative Continuation of Biologic Medications Increases Odds of Periprosthetic Joint Infection in Patients With Inflammatory Arthropathy. J Arthroplasty, 36(7), 2546-2550.
  32. England BR, Roul P, Yang Y, Kalil AC, Michaud K, Thiele GM, Sauer BC, Baker JF, Mikuls TR (2021). Risk of COVID-19 in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A National Veterans Affairs Matched Cohort Study in At-Risk Individuals. Arthritis Rheumatol, 73, 2179-2188.
  33. Walsh JA, Pei S, Penmetsa GK, Overbury RS, Clegg DO, Sauer BC (2020). Identifying Patients With Axial Spondyloarthritis in Large Datasets: Expanding Possibilities for Observational Research. J Rheumatol, 48(5), 685-692.
  34. Passey DG, Healy R, Qualls J, Halwani A, Sauer BC (2020). Pharmacist-led collaborative medication management programs for oral antineoplastic therapies: A systematic literature review. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003), 61(3), e7-e18.
  35. Baker JF, England BR, George M, Cannon G, Sauer B, Ogdie A, Hamilton BC, Hunter C, Duryee MJ, Thiele G, Mikuls TR (2021). Disease activity, cytokines, chemokines and the risk of incident diabetes in rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis, 80(5), 566-572.
  36. Cho ME, Hansen JL, Sauer BC, Cheung AK, Agarwal A, Greene T (2021). Heart Failure Hospitalization Risk associated with Iron Status in Veterans with CKD. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol, 16(4), 522-531.
  37. Chien HC, Morreall D, Patil V, Rasmussen KM, Yong C, Li C, Passey DG, Burningham Z, Sauer BC, Halwani AS (2021). Treatment Patterns and Outcomes in a Nationwide Cohort of Older and Younger Veterans with Waldenström Macroglobulinemia, 2006-2019. Cancers (Basel), 13(7).
  38. Natalini JG, Baker JF, Singh N, Mahajan TD, Roul P, Thiele GM, Sauer BC, Johnson CR, Kawut SM, Mikuls TR, England BR (2022). Autoantibody Seropositivity and Risk for Interstitial Lung Disease in a Prospective Male-Predominant Rheumatoid Arthritis Cohort of U.S. Veterans. Ann Am Thorac Soc, 18(4), 598-605.
  39. Li C, Patil V, Rasmussen KM, Yong C, Chien HC, Morreall D, Humpherys J, Sauer BC, Burningham Z, Halwani AS (2021). Predicting Survival in Veterans with Follicular Lymphoma Using Structured Electronic Health Record Information and Machine Learning. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(5).
  40. Chien HC, Morreall D, Patil V, Rasmussen KM, Li C, Yong CM, Burningham Z, Masaquel A, Halloran M, De Long-Sieg E, Schulz M, Sauer BC, Halwani AS (2020). Real-world practice patterns and outcomes in Veterans with relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Future Oncol, 17(4), 411-422.
  41. Derek P, Jessica J, Brian S, Shoabo P, Wei C, Jorge R, Andrew G, Joshua B, Jeffrey C, Vicki S, David W, Jessica W (2020). P022 Utilization Patterns of Infliximab Originator to Infliximab Biosimilar in US Veterans. Am J Gastroenterol, 115(Suppl 1), S6.
  42. Xu Y, Greene TH, Bress AP, Sauer BC, Bellows BK, Zhang Y, Weintraub WS, Moran AE, Shen J (2020). Estimating the optimal individualized treatment rule from a cost-effectiveness perspective. Biometrics, 78(1), 337-351.
  43. Rogers MJ, Lu CC, Stephens AR, Garcia BN, Chen W, Sauer BC, Tyser A (2020). Scaphotrapeziotrapezoid Arthrodesis: A 10-Year Follow-up Study of Complications in 58 Wrists. Hand (N Y), 17(5), 1558944720964972.
  44. Sauer BC, Chen W, Xu Y, Shen J, Accortt NA, Collier DH, Cannon GW (2020). Empirical evidence of disease activity thresholds used to indicate need for major therapeutic change in US veterans with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Res Ther, 22(1), 253.
  45. England BR, Roul P, Mahajan TD, Singh N, Yu F, Sayles H, Cannon GW, Sauer BC, Baker JF, Curtis JR, Mikuls TR (2019). Performance of Administrative Algorithms to Identify Interstitial Lung Disease in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken), 72(10), 1392-1403.
  46. Halwani AS, Rasmussen KM, Patil V, Morreall D, Li C, Yong C, Burningham Z, Dawson K, Masaquel A, Henderson K, DeLong-Sieg E, Sauer BC (2020). Maintenance rituximab in Veterans with follicular lymphoma. Cancer Med, 9(20), 7537-7547.
  47. Richter Lagha R, Burningham Z, Sauer BC, Leng J, Peters C, Huynh T, Patel S, Halwani AS, Kramer BJ (2020). Usability Testing a Potentially Inappropriate Medication Dashboard: A Core Component of the Dashboard Development Process. Appl Clin Inform, 11(4), 528-534.
  48. Garcia BN, Lu CC, Stephens AR, Kazmers NH, Chen W, Leng J, Li L, Sauer BC, Tyser AR (2020). Risk of Total Wrist Arthrodesis or Reoperation Following 4-Corner Arthrodesis or Proximal Row Carpectomy for Stage-II SLAC/SNAC Arthritis: A Propensity Score Analysis of 502 Wrists. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 102(12), 1050-1058.
  49. Rasmussen KM, Patil V, Burningham Z, Yong C, Sauer BC, Halwani AS (2020). Atrial Fibrillation and Bleeding in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treated with Ibrutinib in the Veterans Health Administration. Fed Pract, 37(Suppl 2), S44-S49.
  50. Jones BE, Ying J, Stevens V, Haroldsen C, He T, Nevers M, Christensen MA, Nelson RE, Stoddard GJ, Sauer BC, Yarbrough PM, Jones MM, Goetz MB, Greene T, Samore MH (2020). Empirical Anti-MRSA vs Standard Antibiotic Therapy and Risk of 30-Day Mortality in Patients Hospitalized for Pneumonia. JAMA Intern Med, 180(4), 552-560.
  51. Kovesdy CP, Gosmanova EO, Woods SD, Fogli JJ, Rowan CG, Hansen JL, Sauer BC (2020). Real-world management of hyperkalemia with patiromer among United States Veterans. Postgrad Med, 132(2), 176-183.
  52. Halwani AS, Rasmussen KM, Patil V, Li CC, Yong CM, Burningham Z, Gupta S, Narayanan S, Lin SW, Carroll S, Mhatre SK, Graff JN, Dreicer R, Sauer BC (2019). Real-world practice patterns in veterans with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Urol Oncol, 38(1), 1.e1-1.e10.
  53. Walsh JA, Pei S, Penmetsa GK, Sauer BC, Patil V, Walker JH, Clewell J, Douglas KM, Clegg DO, Cannon GW, Halwani A (2019). Treatment Patterns with Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs in U.S. Veterans with Newly Diagnosed Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, or Ankylosing Spondylitis. J Manag Care Spec Pharm, 25(11), 1218-1228.
  54. Cannon GW, Rojas J, Reimold A, Mikuls TR, Bergman D, Sauer BC (2019). Extraction of Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Measures From Electronic Health Records Using Automated Processing Algorithms. ACR Open Rheumatol, 1(10), 632-639.
  55. Liu F, Pradhan R, Druhl E, Freund E, Liu W, Sauer BC, Cunningham F, Gordon AJ, Peters CB, Yu H (2018). Learning to detect and understand drug discontinuation events from clinical narratives. J Am Med Inform Assoc, 26(10), 943-951.
  56. Cho ME, Hansen JL, Peters CB, Cheung AK, Greene T, Sauer BC (2019). An increased mortality risk is associated with abnormal iron status in diabetic and non-diabetic Veterans with predialysis chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int, 96(3), 750-760.
  57. Burningham Z, Chen W, Sauer BC, Richter Lagha R, Hansen J, Huynh T, Patel S, Leng J, Halwani A, Kramer BJ (2019). VA Geriatric Scholars Program's impact on prescribing potentially inappropriate medications. Am J Manag Care, 25(9), 425-430.
  58. Peters CB, Hansen JL, Halwani A, Cho ME, Leng J, Huynh T, Burningham Z, Caloyeras J, Matsuda T, Sauer BC (2019). Validation of Algorithms Used to Identify Red Blood Cell Transfusion Related Admissions in Veteran Patients with End Stage Renal Disease. EGEMS (Wash DC), 7(1), 23.
  59. Cannon GW, Erickson AR, Teng CC, Huynh T, Austin S, Wade SW, Stolshek BS, Collier DH, Mutebi A, Sauer BC (2019). Tumour necrosis factor inhibitor exposure and radiographic outcomes in Veterans with rheumatoid arthritis: a longitudinal cohort study. Rheumatol Adv Pract, 3(1), rkz015.
  60. Nord JW Jr, Berry A, Stults B, Burningham Z, Beddhu S, Sauer BC (2017). Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Patient-Centered Educational Mailer Designed to Improve Statin Adherence: A Pragmatic Trial. EGEMS (Wash DC), 4(1), 1256.
  61. Jones BE, Brown KA, Jones MM, Huttner BD, Greene T, Sauer BC, Madaras-Kelly K, Rubin MA, Bidwell Goetz M, Samore MH (2017). Variation in Empiric Coverage Versus Detection of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Hospitalizations for Community-Onset Pneumonia Across 128 US Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 38(8), 937-944.
  62. Xu Y, Zhou X, Suehs BT, Hartzema AG, Kahn MG, Moride Y, Sauer BC, Liu Q, Moll K, Pasquale MK, Nair VP, Bate A (2015). A Comparative Assessment of Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership and Mini-Sentinel Common Data Models and Analytics: Implications for Active Drug Safety Surveillance. Drug Saf, 38(8), 749-65.
  63. Jones BE, Sauer B, Jones MM, Campo J, Damal K, He T, Ying J, Greene T, Goetz MB, Neuhauser MM, Hicks LA, Samore MH (2015). Variation in Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute Respiratory Infections in the Veteran Population: A Cross-sectional Study. Ann Intern Med, 163(2), 73-80.
  64. Smith EG, Austin KL, Kim HM, Eisen SV, Kilbourne AM, Miller DR, Zivin K, Hannemann C, Sauer BC, Valenstein M (2015). Mortality associated with lithium and valproate treatment of US Veterans Health Administration patients with mental disorders. Br J Psychiatry, 207(1), 55-63.
  65. Walsh JA, Zhou X, Clegg DO, Teng C, Cannon GW, Sauer B (2015). Mortality in American Veterans with the HLA-B27 gene. J Rheumatol, 42(4), 638-44.
  66. Nelson SD, Lu CC, Teng CC, Leng J, Cannon GW, He T, Zeng Q, Halwani A, Sauer B (2015). The use of natural language processing of infusion notes to identify outpatient infusions. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 24(1), 86-92.
  67. Sauer B, Nebeker J, Shen S, Rupper R, West S, Shinogle JA, Xu W, Lohr KN, Samore M (2014). Methodological framework to identify possible adverse drug reactions using population-based administrative data. F1000Res, 3, 258.
  68. Cannon GW, DuVall SL, Haroldsen CL, Caplan L, Curtis JR, Michaud K, Mikuls TR, Reimold A, Collier DH, Harrison DJ, Joseph GJ, Sauer BC (2014). Persistence and dose escalation of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors in US veterans with rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol, 41(10), 1935-43.
  69. Lonardo NW, Mone MC, Nirula R, Kimball EJ, Ludwig K, Zhou X, Sauer BC, Nechodom K, Teng C, Barton RG (2014). Propofol is associated with favorable outcomes compared with benzodiazepines in ventilated intensive care unit patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 189(11), 1383-94.
  70. Lucila Ohno-Machado, Zia Agha, Douglas S Bell, Lisa Dahm, Michele E Day, Jason N Doctor, Davera Gabriel, Maninder K Kahlon, Katherine K Kim, Michael Hogarth, Michael E Matheny, Daniella Meeker, Jonathan R Nebeker, Frederic Resnic, Dmitry Khodyakov, Lattice Armstead, Travis Nagler, Sam Morley, Nicholas Anderson, Dan Cooper, Dan Phillips, David Heber, Zhaoping Li, Michael K Ong, Ayan Patel, Marianne Zachariah, Jane C Burns, Lori B Daniels, Son Doan, Claudiu Farcas, Rita Germann-Kurtz, Xiaoqian Jiang, Hyeon-eui Kim, Paulina Paul, Howard Taras, Adriana Tremoulet, Shuang Wang, Wenhong Zhu, Douglas Berman, Angela Rizk-Jackson, Mike DArcy, Carl Kesselman, Tara Knight, Laura Pearlman, Paul Heidenreich, Dena Rifkin, Carl Stepnowsky, Tania Zamora, Scott L DuVall, Lewis J Frey, Jeffrey Scehnet, Brian C Sauer, Julio C Facelli, Ram K Gouripeddi, Jason Denton, Fern FitzHenry, James Fly, Vincent Messina, Freneka Minter, Lalit Nookala, Heidi Sullivan, Theodore Speroff, Dax Westerman (04/29/2014). pSCANNER: patient-centered Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research. J Am Med Inform Assoc, online, amiajnl-2014-00.
  71. Porucznik CA, Johnson EM, Rolfs RT, Sauer BC (2013). Specialty of prescribers associated with prescription opioid fatalities in Utah, 2002-2010. Pain Med, 15(1), 73-8.
  72. Sauer BC, Brookhart MA, Roy J, VanderWeele T (2013). A review of covariate selection for non-experimental comparative effectiveness research. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 22(11), 1139-45.
  73. Porucznik CA, Johnson EM, Rolfs RT, Sauer BC (2013). Opioid prescribing knowledge and practices: provider survey following promulgation of guidelines-Utah, 2011. J Opioid Manag, 9(3), 217-24.
  74. Porucznik CA, Crook J, Johnson EM, Rolfs RT, Sauer BC (1/1/2014). Specialty of Prescribers Associated with Opioid Fatalities in Utah, 2002-2010. Pain Med, 15(1), 5.
  75. Johnson EM, Lanier WA, Merrill RM, Crook J, Porucznik CA, Rolfs RT, Sauer B (2013). Unintentional prescription opioid-related overdose deaths: description of decedents by next of kin or best contact, Utah, 2008-2009. J Gen Intern Med, 28(4), 522-9.
  76. Gundlapalli A, Divita G, Carter M, Shen S, Palmer M, Forbush T, South B, Redd A, Sauer B, Samore M (03/2013). Extracting Surveillance Data from Templated Sections of an Electronic Medical Note: Challenges and Opportunities. Online J Public Health Inform, 5(1).
  77. Cheng M, Sauer B, Johnson E, Porucznik C, Hegmann K (2013). Comparison of opioid-related deaths by work-related injury. Am J Ind Med, 56(3), 308-16.
  78. Sauer BC, Hepler CD (2012). Application of system-level root cause analysis for drug quality and safety problems: a case study. Res Social Adm Pharm, 9(1), 49-59.
  79. Johnson ES, Bartman BA, Briesacher BA, Fleming NS, Gerhard T, Kornegay CJ, Nourjah P, Sauer B, Schumock GT, Sedrakyan A, Sturmer T, West SL, Schneeweiss S (01/2013). The incident user design in comparative effectiveness research. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 22(1), 1-6.
  80. Nelson RE, Nebeker JR, Sauer BC, LaFleur J (2012). Factors associated with screening or treatment initiation among male United States veterans at risk for osteoporosis fracture. Bone, 50(4), 983-8.
  81. Hope CJ, Garvin JH, Sauer BC (2012). Information extraction from narrative data. Am J Health Syst Pharm, 69(6), 455, 460-1.
  82. Hall GC, Sauer B, Bourke A, Brown JS, Reynolds MW, LoCasale R (2012). Guidelines for good database selection and use in pharmacoepidemiology research. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 21(1), 1-10.
  83. Cannon GW, Mikuls TR, Hayden CL, Ying J, Curtis JR, Reimold AM, Caplan L, Kerr GS, Richards JS, Johnson DS, Sauer BC (2011). Merging Veterans Affairs rheumatoid arthritis registry and pharmacy data to assess methotrexate adherence and disease activity in clinical practice. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken), 63(12), 1680-90.
  84. LaFleur J, Nelson RE, Sauer BC, Nebeker JR (2011). Overestimation of the effects of adherence on outcomes: a case study in healthy user bias and hypertension. Heart, 97(22), 1862-9.
  85. Porucznik CA, Johnson EM, Sauer B, Crook J, Rolfs RT (2011). Studying adverse events related to prescription opioids: the Utah experience. Pain Med, 12 Suppl 2, S16-25.
  86. Rubin MA, Mayer J, Greene T, Sauer BC, Hota B, Trick W, Jernigan JA, Samore MH (2008). An agent-based model for evaluating surveillance methods for catheter-related bloodstream infection. AMIA Annu Symp Proc, 631-5.
  87. Samore, MH, Shen, S, Greene, T, Stoddard, G, Sauer, B, Shinogle, J, Nebeker, J, Harbarth, S (2007). A Simulation-based Evaluation of Methods to Estimate the Impact of an Adverse Event on Hospital Length of Stay. Med Care, 45(10 (Supl 2)), S108-15.
  88. Nebeker JR, Yarnold PR, Soltysik RC, Sauer BC, Sims SA, Samore MH, Rupper RW, Swanson KM, Savitz LA, Shinogle J, Xu W (2007). Developing indicators of inpatient adverse drug events through nonlinear analysis using administrative data. Med Care, 45(10 Supl 2), S81-8.
  89. Rupper RW, Bair BD, Sauer BC, Nebeker JR, Shinogle J, Samore M (2007). Out-of-pocket pharmacy expenditures for veterans under medicare part D. Med Care, 45(10 Supl 2), S77-80.

Review

  1. Johnson ES, Bartman BA, Briesacher BA, Fleming NS, Gerhard T, Kornegay CJ, Nourjah P, Sauer B, Schumock GT, Sedrakyan A, Strmer T, West SL, Schneeweiss S (2012). The incident user design in comparative effectiveness research. [Review]. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 22(1), 1-6.

Book Chapter

  1. Li L, Greene T, Sauer BC (2015). Chapter 7: Propensity score analysis with matching weights. In Pan W, Bai H (Eds.), Propensity Score Analysis: Fundamentals and Developments (2). New York: Guilford Press.
  2. Sauer B, Brookhart MA, Roy JA, VanderWeele TJ (02/2013). Chapter 7: Covariate Selection. In Velentgas P, Dreyer NA, Nourjah P, Smith SR, Torchia MM (Eds.), Developing a Protocol for Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research: A Users Guide. Rockville: Agency for HealthCare Research and Quality.
  3. Sauer B, Vanderweele T (2/2013). Supplement 2: The Use of Directed Acyclic Graphs on Non-experimental Comparative Effectiveness Research. In Velentgas P, Dreyer NA, Nourjah P, Smith SR, Torchia MM (Eds.), Developing a Protocol for Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research: A Users Guide. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Conference Proceedings

  1. Halwani, A, Burningham, Z, Rasmussen, KM, Patil, V, Narayanan, S, Lin, S, Carroll, S, Hsu, L, Graff, JN, Dreicer, R, Gupta, S, Low, CA, Sauer, BC (2017). Practice Patterns in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC): Evidence from the Veterans Health Administration. Madrid, Spain: European Society for Medical Oncology.
  2. Halwani, A, Rasmussen, KM, Patil, V, Burningham, Z, Low, C, Meissner, B, Kapustyan, T, Keim, H, Lawrence, N, Walker, J, Sauer, BC (2017). Examining methods for systematically identifying cytogenetic testing among Chronic Lymphoblastic Leukemia patients. 2017 AVAHO Annual Meeting, Denver, CO: Association of VA Hematology/Oncology.
  3. Rasmussen, KM, Patil, V, Burningham, Z, Narayanan, S, Lin, S, Carroll, S, Hsu, L, Graff, JN, Dreicer, R, Gupta, S, Low, CA, Sauer, BC, Halwani, A (2017). The Role of Academic Affiliation in the Treatment of Metastatic Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer in the Veterans Health Administration. 2017 AVAHO Meeting, Denver, CO: Association of VA Hematology/Oncology.
  4. Patil, V, Rasmussen, KM, Burningham, Z, Low, C, Gupta, S, Sauer, BC, Halwani, A (2017). Using Natural Language Processing in Radiology Reports to Identify the Presence of Metastatic Disease in Veterans with Prostate Cancer. 2017 AVAHO Meeting, Denver, CO: Association of VA Hematology/Oncology.
  5. Halwani, A, Friedman, DR, Patil, V, Rasmussen, KM, Sauer, BC, Kelley, MJ (2018). VA Symptom Assessment Scale (VSAS): Symptom Prevalence, Reliability and Internal Consistency. 2018 AVAHO Meeting, Chicago, IL: Association of VA Hematology/Oncology.
  6. Patil, V, Rasmussen, KM, Sauer, BC, Halwani, A (2018). Implementation of Chemo and Anti-Neoplastic Extractor Cycle and Regimen Estimator (CANCER CARE) in Follicular Lymphoma Patients Treated in VA. 2018 AVAHO Meeting, Chicago, IL: Association of VA Hematology/Oncology.
  7. Rasmussen, KM, Patil, V, Li, C, Sauer, BC, Halwani, A (2018). Understand the Survival Outcomes of Black and White Veterans with Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC). 2018 AVAHO Meeting, Chicago, IL: Association of VA Hematology/Oncology.
  8. Sauer B, Teng CC, Leng J, Mikuls TR, Curtis JR, Stolshek BS, Tang D, Cannon GW (2015). Higher Persistence and Adherence with Combination Therapy with Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor+Methotrexate Combination Versus Triple Therapy in US Veterans with Rheumatoid Arthritis. 2015 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, Arthritis Rheumatol, 67(suppl 10).
  9. Sauer BC, Teng MS CC, Accortt NA, Collier DH, Lin TC, Cannon GW (2018). Thresholds for Disease Activity Measures DAS28, CDAI, and RAPID3 Do Not Align with Clinical Practice Patterns of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Disease Management Decisions. 2018 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, 70(suppl 10).
  10. Sauer B, Teng C-C, He T, Leng J, Lu C-C, Shah N, Harrison DJ, Tang D, Cannon GW (2014). Treatment Patterns of Biologics Used in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis in the US Veterans Population. 2014 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, Arthritis Rheumatol.
  11. Cannon GW, Teng C-C, He T, Leng J, Lu C-C, Tang D, Shah N, Harrison DJ, Sauer B (2014). Estimation of Cost per Effectively Treated Patients with Biologic Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs in US Veterans with Rheumatoid Arthritis. 2014 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, Arthritis Rheumatol.
  12. Cannon GW, DuVall SL, Hayden CL, Caplan L, Curtis JR, Michaud K, Mikuls TR, Reimold AM, Collier DH, Joseph G, Harrison DJ, Sauer BC (2013). US Veterans With Rheumatoid Arthritis Who Switch Among Tumor Necrosis Factor Blocking Agents Have No Additional Clinical Benefit With The Change In Therapy and Incur Higher Costs. 2013 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting.
  13. Cannon GW, Rogas J, Bell N, Baker J, Kerr GS, Gaffo A, Richards JS, Barton J, Schwab P, Mikuls TR, Singh N, Caplan L, Lazaro D, Reimold A, Sauer B (10/2018). An Electronic Audit, Reporting, and Data Correction System Improves the Quantity and Quality of Observational Data Collected for US Veterans Enrolled in the Veterans Affairs Rheumatoid Arthritis Registry. 2018 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, Arthritis Rheumatol, 70(suppl 10).
  14. England BR, Sayles H, Roul P, Ganti A, Sokolove J, Robinson WH, Cannon GW, Sauer B, Baker J, Thiele GM, Mikuls TR (10/2018). Serum Cytokine and Chemokine Concentrations Predict Incident Cancer in US Veterans with Rheumatoid Arthritis. 2018 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, Arthritis Rheumatol, 70(suppl 10).
  15. Overbury RS, Pei S, Penmetsa G, Cannon GW, Clegg DO, Sauer B, Walsh J (10/2018). Identification of Axial Spondyloarthritis Patients in a Large Dataset: The Development and Validation of Novel Methods. 2018 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, Arthritis Rheumatol, 70(suppl 10).
  16. Sauer, B, Teng, C-C, Accortt, N, Burningham, Z, Collier, D, Trivedi, M, Cannon, GW (2016). Models Using Claims-Based Administrative Data Are Poor Predictors of Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity in VA Rheumatoid Arthritis (VARA) Patients. 2016 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, Arthritis & Rheumatology, 68(suppl 10).
  17. Halwani, A, Burningham, Z, Rasmussen, K, Patil, V, Low, C, Reyes, C, Masaquel, A, Henderson, K, DeLong-Sieg, E, Nixon, M, Sauer, BC (2017). Have First Line Practice Patterns in the Treatment of Follicular Lymphoma Changed with the Adoption of Maintenance Rituximab? Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia, 17, S363-S364.
  18. England, BR, Sokolove, J, Robinson, WH, Thiele, GM, Ganti, AK, Sayles, H, Michaud, K, Caplan, L, Davis, LA, Cannon, GW (9/2015). Circulating Cytokine/chemokine Concentrations Predict Cancer Mortality in Men with Rheumatoid Arthritis: abstract Number: 3236. 2015 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, Arthritis & Rheumatology, 67(suppl 10), 3879-3881.
  19. England, BR, Thiele, GM, Duryee, MJ, Klassen, L, Sokolove, J, Robinson, WH, Anderson, D, Sayles, H, Michaud, K, Caplan, L (11/2015). Associations of Serum Anti-malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (maa) Antibodies with Cardiovascular and Respiratory Mortality in Men with Rheumatoid Arthritis: abstract Number: 1574. 2015 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, Arthritis & Rheumatology, 67(suppl 10), 1964-1965.
  20. Sauer BC, Nebeker JR, Shen S, Rupper R, Samore M (2011). Identification of possible adverse drug reactions using population-based administrative data. In Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand (Eds.), Patient Safety Annu Symp, Ubon, Thailand: ISBN 978-974-523-265-5 (Thailand), Proc. 2011, 60-66.
  21. Sauer, BC, He Tao, Nebeker JR (04/30/2013). SAS® Tools for Transparent and Reproducible Research: Medication History Estimator. SAS® Global Forum 2013 proceedings, San Francisco: SAS®, 1-10.
  22. Gundlapalli A, Divita G, Carter M, Shen S, Palmer M, Forbush T, South B, Redd A, Sauer B, Samore M (01/2013). Online Journal of Public Health Informatics. OJPHI, 5(1).
  23. Sauer BC, Nebeker JR, Shen S, Rupper R, Samore M (2011). Identification of possible adverse drug reactions using population-based administrative data. In Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand (Eds.), Patient Safety Annu Symp, Ubon, Thailand: ISBN 978-974-523-265-5 (Thailand), Proc. 2011, 60-66.
  24. Sauer B, Nebeker J, Rupper R, Samore M (2007). Serum Potassium Monitoring and Hyperkalemia in Veterans using Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone Inhibitors. HSR&D National Meeting, Arlington, VA.

Letter

  1. Chien HC, Morreall D, Patil V, Rasmussen KM, Yong CM, Li CY, Passey DG, Burningham Z, Sauer BC, Halwani AS (2021). Real-world treatment patterns and outcomes in a national study of veterans with Waldenström macroglobulinemia, 2006-2019. [Letter to the editor]. Am J Hematol, 96(6), E184-E187.

Abstract

  1. Halwani, AS, Rasmussen, K, Patil, V, Burningham, Z, Sauer, BC (2017). Incidence of Atrial Fibrillation and Bleeding in CLL Patients Treated with Ibrutinib: Evidence from the Veterans Health Administration [Abstract]. 130(suppl 1), 5336.
  2. Halwani, A, Rasmussen, KM, Patil, V, Burningham, Z, Narayanan, S, Lin, S-W, Carroll, S, Hsu, L-I, Graff, JN, Dreicer, R, Sauer, B (2018). Abstract A055: Racial Disparities in Metastatic Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC): Evidence from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) [Abstract]. AACR Special Conference: Prostate Cancer: Advances in Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research, 78(16), A055.
  3. Halwani, A, Burningham, Z, Rasmussen, KM, Patil, V, Narayanan, S, Lin, S-W, Carroll, S, Hsu, L, Graff, JN, Dreicer, R, Gupta, S, Low, CA, Sauer, BC (2017). 804PPractice Patterns in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC): Evidence From the Veterans Health Administration [Abstract]. 28(suppl_5).
  4. CC Lu, J Leng, G Cannon, X Zhou, DJ Harrison, N Shah, BC Sauer (05/01/2014). Accuracy of a natural language processing software designed to compute average weekly dose from narrative medication schedule [Abstract]. Value in Health 17 (3), A187-A188, 17(3), A187-A188.
  5. J Leng, CC Lu, G Cannon, CC Teng, X Zhou, T He, DJ Harrison, N Shah, BC Sauer (05/01/2014). Performance of NLP tool designed to identify and extract biologic drug infusion data from clinical notes [Abstract]. Value in Health, 17(3), A187-A187.
  6. LaFleur J, Ghate S, Sauer B (05/2008). Updating the RxRisk-V measure: Creating a crosswalk between Veterans Affairs pharmacy codes and First Databank therapeutic categories [Abstract]. Value in Health, 11(3), A191.
  7. Ghate SR, LaFleur J, Sauer B, Charland S (2008). A modified RxRisk-V comorbidity index predicts adherence with lipid lowering therapy. (Poster session presented at International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research 13th Annual International Meeting. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. May 2008) [Abstract]. Value In Health, 11(3), A185.

Other

  1. Smith EG, Austin KL, Kim HM, Miller DR, Sauer BC, Valenstein M (2022). Corrigendum to "Suicide death over the first year of lithium versus valproate treatment in cohorts with and without bipolar disorder" [J. Psychiatr. Res. 147 (2021 Dec 15) 349-356]. J Psychiatr Res (149, p. 209). England.

Report

  1. Sauer BC, Shinogle JA, Xu W, Samore M, Nebeker J, Liu Z, Rupper R, Lux L, Amoozegar J, Lohr KN (August 2008). Improving Patient Safety and Pharmacovigilance: Methods Using Observational Data and Cohort Studies. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.