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Tyler N. Starr, PhD

Languages spoken: English

Academic Information

Departments: Biochemistry - Research Assistant Professor

Academic Office Information

tyler.starr@biochem.utah.edu

Research Interests

  • Antibody Affinity Maturation
  • Virus Evolution
  • Mutation
  • Protein Engineering
  • HIV Antibodies
  • Coronavirus
  • Evolution, Molecular

Education History

Postdoctoral Fellowship Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Protein Evolution in Viruses and Immunity
Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Selected Publications

  1. Greaney AJ, Eguia RT, Starr TN, Khan K, Franko N, Logue JK, Lord SM, Speake C, Chu HY, Sigal A, Bloom JD (2022). The SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant induces an antibody response largely focused on class 1 and 2 antibody epitopes. PLoS Pathog, 18(6), e1010592.
  2. Starr TN, Greaney AJ, Hannon WW, Loes AN, Hauser K, Dillen JR, Ferri E, Farrell AG, Dadonaite B, McCallum M, Matreyek KA, Corti D, Veesler D, Snell G, Bloom JD (2022). Shifting mutational constraints in the SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain during viral evolution. Science, eabo7896.
  3. Moulana A, Dupic T, Phillips AM, Chang J, Nieves S, Roffler AA, Greaney AJ, Starr TN, Bloom JD, Desai MM (2022). Compensatory epistasis maintains ACE2 affinity in SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.1. bioRxiv.
  4. Hunt AC, Case JB, Park YJ, Cao L, Wu K, Walls AC, Liu Z, Bowen JE, Yeh HW, Saini S, Helms L, Zhao YT, Hsiang TY, Starr TN, Goreshnik I, Kozodoy L, Carter L, Ravichandran R, Green LB, Matochko WL, Thomson CA, Vgeli B, Krger A, VanBlargan LA, Chen RE, Ying B, Bailey AL, Kafai NM, Boyken SE, Ljubeti A, Edman N, Ueda G, Chow CM, Johnson M, Addetia A, Navarro MJ, Panpradist N, Gale M Jr, Freedman BS, Bloom JD, Ruohola-Baker H, Whelan SPJ, Stewart L, Diamond MS, Veesler D, Jewett MC, Baker D (2022). Multivalent designed proteins neutralize SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern and confer protection against infection in mice. Sci Transl Med, 14(646), eabn1252.
  5. Greaney AJ, Starr TN, Bloom JD (2022). An antibody-escape estimator for mutations to the SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain. Virus Evol, 8(1), veac021.
  6. Martin DP, Lytras S, Lucaci AG, Maier W, Grning B, Shank SD, Weaver S, MacLean OA, Orton RJ, Lemey P, Boni MF, Tegally H, Harkins GW, Scheepers C, Bhiman JN, Everatt J, Amoako DG, San JE, Giandhari J, Sigal A, NGS-SA, Williamson C, Hsiao NY, von Gottberg A, De Klerk A, Shafer RW, Robertson DL, Wilkinson RJ, Sewell BT, Lessells R, Nekrutenko A, Greaney AJ, Starr TN, Bloom JD, Murrell B, Wilkinson E, Gupta RK, de Oliveira T, Kosakovsky Pond SL (2022). Selection Analysis Identifies Clusters of Unusual Mutational Changes in Omicron Lineage BA.1 That Likely Impact Spike Function. Mol Biol Evol, 39(4).
  7. Cohen AA, van Doremalen N, Greaney AJ, Andersen H, Sharma A, Starr TN, Keeffe JR, Fan C, Schulz JE, Gnanapragasam PNP, Kakutani LM, West AP, Saturday G, Lee YE, Gao H, Jette CA, Lewis MG, Tan TK, Townsend AR, Bloom JD, Munster VJ, Bjorkman PJ (2022). Mosaic RBD nanoparticles protect against multiple sarbecovirus challenges in animal models. bioRxiv.
  8. Starr TN, Zepeda SK, Walls AC, Greaney AJ, Alkhovsky S, Veesler D, Bloom JD (2022). ACE2 binding is an ancestral and evolvable trait of sarbecoviruses. Nature, 603(7903), 913-918.
  9. Greaney AJ, Starr TN, Eguia RT, Loes AN, Khan K, Karim F, Cele S, Bowen JE, Logue JK, Corti D, Veesler D, Chu HY, Sigal A, Bloom JD (2022). A SARS-CoV-2 variant elicits an antibody response with a shifted immunodominance hierarchy. PLoS Pathog, 18(2), e1010248.
  10. Park YJ, De Marco A, Starr TN, Liu Z, Pinto D, Walls AC, Zatta F, Zepeda SK, Bowen JE, Sprouse KR, Joshi A, Giurdanella M, Guarino B, Noack J, Abdelnabi R, Foo SC, Rosen LE, Lempp FA, Benigni F, Snell G, Neyts J, Whelan SPJ, Virgin HW, Bloom JD, Corti D, Pizzuto MS, Veesler D (2022). Antibody-mediated broad sarbecovirus neutralization through ACE2 molecular mimicry. Science, 375(6579), 449-454.
  11. Addetia A, Park YJ, Starr T, Greaney AJ, Sprouse KR, Bowen JE, Tiles SW, Van Voorhis WC, Bloom JD, Corti D, Walls AC, Veesler D (2022). Structural changes in the SARS-CoV-2 spike E406W mutant escaping a clinical monoclonal antibody cocktail. bioRxiv.
  12. Su W, Sia SF, Schmitz AJ, Bricker TL, Starr TN, Greaney AJ, Turner JS, Mohammed BM, Liu Z, Choy KT, Darling TL, Joshi A, Cheng KM, Wong AYL, Harastani HH, Nicholls JM, Whelan SPJ, Bloom JD, Yen HL, Ellebedy AH, Boon ACM (2021). Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies That Target the Spike Receptor Binding Domain Confer Fc Receptor-Independent Protection against SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Syrian Hamsters. mBio, 12(5), e0239521.
  13. Walls AC, Miranda MC, Schfer A, Pham MN, Greaney A, Arunachalam PS, Navarro MJ, Tortorici MA, Rogers K, OConnor MA, Shirreff L, Ferrell DE, Bowen J, Brunette N, Kepl E, Zepeda SK, Starr T, Hsieh CL, Fiala B, Wrenn S, Pettie D, Sydeman C, Sprouse KR, Johnson M, Blackstone A, Ravichandran R, Ogohara C, Carter L, Tilles SW, Rappuoli R, Leist SR, Martinez DR, Clark M, Tisch R, OHagan DT, Van Der Most R, Van Voorhis WC, Corti D, McLellan JS, Kleanthous H, Sheahan TP, Smith KD, Fuller DH, Villinger F, Bloom J, Pulendran B, Baric RS, King NP, Veesler D (2021). Elicitation of broadly protective sarbecovirus immunity by receptor-binding domain nanoparticle vaccines. Cell, 184(21), 5432-5447.e16.
  14. Dong J, Zost SJ, Greaney AJ, Starr TN, Dingens AS, Chen EC, Chen RE, Case JB, Sutton RE, Gilchuk P, Rodriguez J, Armstrong E, Gainza C, Nargi RS, Binshtein E, Xie X, Zhang X, Shi PY, Logue J, Weston S, McGrath ME, Frieman MB, Brady T, Tuffy KM, Bright H, Loo YM, McTamney PM, Esser MT, Carnahan RH, Diamond MS, Bloom JD, Crowe JE Jr (2021). Genetic and structural basis for SARS-CoV-2 variant neutralization by a two-antibody cocktail. Nat Microbiol, 6(10), 1233-1244.
  15. Starr TN, Czudnochowski N, Liu Z, Zatta F, Park YJ, Addetia A, Pinto D, Beltramello M, Hernandez P, Greaney AJ, Marzi R, Glass WG, Zhang I, Dingens AS, Bowen JE, Tortorici MA, Walls AC, Wojcechowskyj JA, De Marco A, Rosen LE, Zhou J, Montiel-Ruiz M, Kaiser H, Dillen JR, Tucker H, Bassi J, Silacci-Fregni C, Housley MP, di Iulio J, Lombardo G, Agostini M, Sprugasci N, Culap K, Jaconi S, Meury M, Dellota E Jr, Abdelnabi R, Foo SC, Cameroni E, Stumpf S, Croll TI, Nix JC, Havenar-Daughton C, Piccoli L, Benigni F, Neyts J, Telenti A, Lempp FA, Pizzuto MS, Chodera JD, Hebner CM, Virgin HW, Whelan SPJ, Veesler D, Corti D, Bloom JD, Snell G (2021). SARS-CoV-2 RBD antibodies that maximize breadth and resistance to escape. Nature, 597(7874), 97-102.
  16. Tortorici MA, Czudnochowski N, Starr TN, Marzi R, Walls AC, Zatta F, Bowen JE, Jaconi S, Di Iulio J, Wang Z, De Marco A, Zepeda SK, Pinto D, Liu Z, Beltramello M, Bartha I, Housley MP, Lempp FA, Rosen LE, Dellota E Jr, Kaiser H, Montiel-Ruiz M, Zhou J, Addetia A, Guarino B, Culap K, Sprugasci N, Saliba C, Vetti E, Giacchetto-Sasselli I, Fregni CS, Abdelnabi R, Foo SC, Havenar-Daughton C, Schmid MA, Benigni F, Cameroni E, Neyts J, Telenti A, Virgin HW, Whelan SPJ, Snell G, Bloom JD, Corti D, Veesler D, Pizzuto MS (2021). Broad sarbecovirus neutralization by a human monoclonal antibody. Nature, 597(7874), 103-108.
  17. Greaney AJ, Starr TN, Barnes CO, Weisblum Y, Schmidt F, Caskey M, Gaebler C, Cho A, Agudelo M, Finkin S, Wang Z, Poston D, Muecksch F, Hatziioannou T, Bieniasz PD, Robbiani DF, Nussenzweig MC, Bjorkman PJ, Bloom JD (2021). Mapping mutations to the SARS-CoV-2 RBD that escape binding by different classes of antibodies. Nat Commun, 12(1), 4196.
  18. Greaney AJ, Loes AN, Gentles LE, Crawford KHD, Starr TN, Malone KD, Chu HY, Bloom JD (2021). Antibodies elicited by mRNA-1273 vaccination bind more broadly to the receptor binding domain than do those from SARS-CoV-2 infection. Sci Transl Med, 13(600).
  19. Ellis D, Brunette N, Crawford KHD, Walls AC, Pham MN, Chen C, Herpoldt KL, Fiala B, Murphy M, Pettie D, Kraft JC, Malone KD, Navarro MJ, Ogohara C, Kepl E, Ravichandran R, Sydeman C, Ahlrichs M, Johnson M, Blackstone A, Carter L, Starr TN, Greaney AJ, Lee KK, Veesler D, Bloom JD, King NP (2021). Stabilization of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike Receptor-Binding Domain Using Deep Mutational Scanning and Structure-Based Design. Front Immunol, 12, 710263.
  20. Starr TN, Greaney AJ, Dingens AS, Bloom JD (2021). Complete map of SARS-CoV-2 RBD mutations that escape the monoclonal antibody LY-CoV555 and its cocktail with LY-CoV016. Cell Rep Med, 2(4), 100255.
  21. Greaney AJ, Loes AN, Crawford KHD, Starr TN, Malone KD, Chu HY, Bloom JD (2021). Comprehensive mapping of mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain that affect recognition by polyclonal human plasma antibodies. Cell Host Microbe, 29(3), 463-476.e6.
  22. Starr TN, Greaney AJ, Addetia A, Hannon WW, Choudhary MC, Dingens AS, Li JZ, Bloom JD (2021). Prospective mapping of viral mutations that escape antibodies used to treat COVID-19. Science, 371(6531), 850-854.
  23. Greaney AJ, Starr TN, Gilchuk P, Zost SJ, Binshtein E, Loes AN, Hilton SK, Huddleston J, Eguia R, Crawford KHD, Dingens AS, Nargi RS, Sutton RE, Suryadevara N, Rothlauf PW, Liu Z, Whelan SPJ, Carnahan RH, Crowe JE Jr, Bloom JD (2020). Complete Mapping of Mutations to the SARS-CoV-2 Spike Receptor-Binding Domain that Escape Antibody Recognition. Cell Host Microbe, 29(1), 44-57.e9.
  24. Starr TN, Greaney AJ, Hilton SK, Ellis D, Crawford KHD, Dingens AS, Navarro MJ, Bowen JE, Tortorici MA, Walls AC, King NP, Veesler D, Bloom JD (2020). Deep Mutational Scanning of SARS-CoV-2 Receptor Binding Domain Reveals Constraints on Folding and ACE2 Binding. Cell, 182(5), 1295-1310.e20.
  25. Starr TN, Flynn JM, Mishra P, Bolon DNA, Thornton JW (2018). Pervasive contingency and entrenchment in a billion years of Hsp90 evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 115(17), 4453-4458.
  26. Starr TN, Picton LK, Thornton JW (2017). Alternative evolutionary histories in the sequence space of an ancient protein. Nature, 549(7672), 409-413.
  27. Starr TN, Thornton JW (2017). Exploring protein sequence-function landscapes. Nat Biotechnol, 35(2), 125-126.
  28. Starr TN, Thornton JW (2016). Epistasis in protein evolution. [Review]. Protein Sci, 25(7), 1204-18.
  29. Mishra P, Flynn JM, Starr TN, Bolon DNA (2016). Systematic Mutant Analyses Elucidate General and Client-Specific Aspects of Hsp90 Function. Cell Rep, 15(3), 588-598.
  30. Starr TN, Gadek KE, Yoder JB, Flatz R, Smith CI (2012). Asymmetric hybridization and gene flow between Joshua trees (Agavaceae: Yucca) reflect differences in pollinator host specificity. Mol Ecol, 22(2), 437-49.