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Vijay Ravindra

Vijay Ravindra, MD, MPH

Academic Information

Departments Adjunct - Neurosurgery

Selected Publications

Journal Article

  1. Brandel MG, Gonzalez H, Gonda DD, Levy ML, Smith ER, Lam SK, Couldwell WT, Steinberg J, Ravindra VM (2024). Examining barriers to care: a retrospective cohort analysis investigating the relationship between hospital volume and outcomes in pediatric patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-10. (Read full article)
  2. Grandhi R, Ravindra VM, Kallmes DF, Lopes D, Hanel RA, Lylyk P (2022). Treatment of giant intracranial aneurysms using the Pipeline flow-diverting stent: Long-term results from the International Retrospective Study of the Pipeline Embolization Device (IntrePED) study. Interv Neuroradiol, 30(2), 218-226. (Read full article)
  3. Daniel M, Stone LE, Plonsker JH, Sattar S, Ravindra V, Gonda D (2024). De novo cerebral pseudoaneurysm formation: a rare delayed complication of stereotactic electroencephalography in children. Childs Nerv Syst, 40(5), 1501-1506. (Read full article)
  4. Brandel MG, Plonsker JH, Rennert RC, Produturi G, Saripella M, Wali AR, McCann C, Ravindra VM, Santiago-Dieppa DR, Pannell JS, Steinberg JA, Khalessi AA, Levy ML (2024). Treatment of pediatric intracranial aneurysms: institutional case series and systematic literature review. Childs Nerv Syst. (Read full article)
  5. Findlay M, Tenhoeve SA, Johansen C, Kelly MP, Newton PO, Iyer RR, Kestle JRW, Gonda DD, Brockmeyer DL, Ravindra VM (2024). Disparities in Indications and Outcomes Reporting for Spinal Column Shortening for Tethered Cord Syndrome: The Need for a Standardized Approach. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). (Read full article)
  6. Findlay MC, Tenhoeve S, Terry SA, Iyer RR, Brockmeyer DL, Kelly MP, Kestle JRW, Gonda D, Ravindra VM (2023). Disparities in indications and outcomes reporting for pediatric tethered cord surgery: The need for a standardized outcome assessment tool. Childs Nerv Syst, 40(4), 1111-1120. (Read full article)
  7. Sadiq KO, Desai S, Miller S, Abualnadi YD, Khalil ZM, Khan Z, Amjadi N, Ravindra VM, Tekle W, Georgiadis AL, Hassan AE (2024). Epidural anesthesia causes outbreak of mycotic aneurysms: complications of Fusarium solani meningitis. J Neurointerv Surg. (Read full article)
  8. Ravindra VM, Robinson L, Jensen H, Kurudza E, Joyce E, Ludwick A, Telford R, Youssef O, Ryan J, Bollo RJ, Iyer RR, Kestle JRW, Cheshier SH, Ikeda DS, Mao Q, Brockmeyer DL (2024). Morphological and ultrastructural investigation of the posterior atlanto-occipital membrane: Comparing children with Chiari malformation type I and controls. PLoS One, 19(1), e0296260. (Read full article)
  9. Dewar C, Ravindra VM, Woodle S, Scanlon M, Shields M, Yokoi H, Meister M, Porensky P, Bossert S, Ikeda DS (2023). Effect of Fusion and Arthroplasty for Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease in Active Duty Service Members Performed at an Overseas Military Treatment Facility: A 2-Year Retrospective Analysis. Mil Med, 188(11-12), e3454-e3462. (Read full article)
  10. Sutter PA, Anderson MG, Sahyouni R, Plonsker J, Ravindra VM, Gonda DD, Levy ML, Dziugan K, Votoupal M, DeCuypere M, Leclair NK, Angelo SJ, Halloran PJ, Martin JE, Bookland MJ, Michelow IC, McKay L, Hersh DS (2023). Anticoagulation for the treatment of septic cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in the setting of pediatric sinogenic and otogenic intracranial infections. Neurosurg Focus, 55(4), E8. (Read full article)
  11. Findlay MC, Grandhi R, Nelson JR, Lucke-Wold B, Chowdhury MAB, Hoh BL, Steinberg J, Santiago-Dieppa D, Khalessi A, Ikeda DS, Ravindra VM (2023). How do children fare compared with adults? Comparing relative outcomes after thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis, 32(11), 107350. (Read full article)
  12. Ravindra VM, Jensen H, Riva-Cambrin J, Wellons JC, Limbrick DD, Pindrik J, Jackson EM, Pollack IF, Hankinson TC, Hauptman JS, Tamber MS, Kulkarni AV, Rocque BG, Rozzelle C, Whitehead WE, Chu J, Krieger MD, Simon TD, Reeder R, McDonald PJ, Nunn N, Kestle JRW, Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network, HCRN Members (2023). Comparison of outcomes in the management of abdominal pseudocyst in children with shunted hydrocephalus: a Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network study. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 32(3), 312-323. (Read full article)
  13. Stone LE, Kelly MP, Alexander M, Brandel M, Lam SK, Ravindra VM (2023). Rett Syndrome-Associated Scoliosis: Analysis of National Trends and Treatment Patterns of a Rare Indication for Posterior Instrumented Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 48(24), E409-E416. (Read full article)
  14. Weinberger M, Ikeda DS, Belverud S, Cho A, Grice G, Willis M, Ravindra VM (2023). Large saccular intracranial aneurysm in a child with RASA1-associated capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome: illustrative case. J Neurosurg Case Lessons, 6(9). (Read full article)
  15. Rajkumar S, Ikeda DS, Scanlon M, Shields M, Kestle JR, Plonsker J, Brandel M, Gonda DD, Levy M, Lucas DJ, Choi PM, Ravindra VM (2024). Frequency and predictors of concurrent complications in multi-suture release for syndromic craniosynostosis. Childs Nerv Syst, 40(1), 153-162. (Read full article)
  16. Woodle S, Ravindra VM, Dewar C, Yokoi H, Meister M, Curry B, Miller C, Ikeda DS (2023). Craniotomies at an overseas military treatment facility: Maintaining readiness for the unit and the surgeon. Clin Neurol Neurosurg, 230, 107742. (Read full article)
  17. Hewes HA, Ravindra VM, Ryan S, Russell KW, Soisson S, Brockmeyer DL (2022). The Fate of the Cervical Collar: An Observational Pilot Study Investigating Follow-up Care After Emergency Department Discharge in Children With Mild Traumatic Neck Injuries. Pediatr Emerg Care, 394(4), 274-278. (Read full article)
  18. LoPresti MA, Athukuri P, Khan AB, Prablek M, Patel R, Mayer R, Bauer DF, Gerow FT, Morris SA, Lam S, Ravindra V (2023). Thoracolumbar Scoliosis in Pediatric Patients With Loeys-Dietz Syndrome: A Case Series. Cureus, 15(3), e36372. (Read full article)
  19. Ravindra VM, Karas PJ, Lazaro TT, Coorg R, Awad AW, Patino I, McClernon EE, Clarke D, Cairampoma Whitehead L, Anderson A, Diaz-Medina G, Houck K, Katyayan A, Masters L, Nath A, Quach M, Riviello J, Seto ES, Sully K, Agurs L, Sen S, Handoko M, LoPresti M, Ali I, Curry DJ, Weiner HL (2022). Epilepsy Surgery in Young Children With Tuberous Sclerosis Complex: A Novel Hybrid Multimodal Surgical Approach. Neurosurgery, 92(2), 398-406. (Read full article)
  20. Ravindra VM, Ruggieri L, Gadgil N, Addison AP, Patino I, Gonda DD, Chu J, Whitehead L, Anderson A, Diaz-Medina G, Houck K, Katyayan A, Masters L, Nath A, Quach M, Riviello JJ, Seto E, Sully KE, Agurs L, Sen S, Handoko M, Coorg R, Ali I, Ikeda D, Weiner H, Curry DJ (2023). An Initial Experience of Completion Hemispherotomy via Magnetic Resonance-Guided Laser Interstitial Therapy. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg, 101(3), 179-187. (Read full article)
  21. Venkataraman SS, Herbert JP, Ravindra VM, Yu BN, Bollo R, Cox CS, Gannon SR, Limbrick D, Naftel RP, Ugalde IT, Yorkgitis BK, Weiner HL, Shah MN (2022). Multicenter Validation of the McGovern Pediatric Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury Screening Score. J Neurotrauma, 40(13-14), 1451-1458. (Read full article)
  22. Tadlock MD, Olson EJ, Gasques D, Champagne R, Krzyzaniak MJ, Belverud SA, Ravindra V, Kerns J, Choi PM, Deveraux J, Johnson J, Sharkey T, Yip M, Weibel N, Davis K (2022). Mixed reality surgical mentoring of combat casualty care related procedures in a perfused cadaver model: Initial results of a randomized feasibility study. Surgery, 172(5), 1337-1345. (Read full article)
  23. Ravindra VM, Tadlock MD, Gurney JM, Kraus KL, Dengler BA, Gordon J, Cooke J, Porensky P, Belverud S, Milton JO, Cardoso M, Carroll CP, Tomlin J, Champagne R, Bell RS, Viers AG, Ikeda DS (2022). Attitudes Toward Neurosurgery Education for the Nonneurosurgeon: A Survey Study and Critical Analysis of U.S. Military Training Techniques and Future Prospects. World Neurosurg. (Read full article)
  24. Yokoi H, McGovern M, Fetherston T, Clarke SC, Ravindra VM, Hooten KG, Ikeda DS (2022). A history of neurosurgical capabilities in the United States Pacific Command: from World War II to present. Neurosurg Focus, 53(3), E13. (Read full article)
  25. Ikeda DS, Meister M, Porensky P, Yokoi H, Ravindra VM (2022). Lumbar Fusion for Active Duty Service Members Performed at an Overseas Military Treatment Facility: A 2-Year Retrospective Analysis. Mil Med. (Read full article)
  26. Ravindra VM, Denorme F, D Alexander M, A Campbell R, Grandhi R (2022). Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy in a child with COVID-19: Clot analysis reveals a novel pathway in the neuroinflammatory cascade resulting in large-vessel occlusion. Interv Neuroradiol, 29(5), 609-616. (Read full article)
  27. Prablek MA, LoPresti M, Bertot B, Morris SA, Bauer D, Lam S, Ravindra V (2022). Evaluation of cervical spine pathology in children with Loeys-Dietz syndrome. Surg Neurol Int, 13, 96. (Read full article)
  28. Grandhi R, Ravindra VM, Ney JP, Zaidat O, Taussky P, de Havenon A (2021). Investigating the "Weekend Effect" on Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Endovascular Mechanical Thrombectomy for Ischemic Stroke. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis, 30(10), 106013. (Read full article)
  29. Ravindra VM, Lee S, Gonda D, Patino I, Ruggieri L, Ikeda DS, Curry DJ (2021). Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy for pediatric periventricular nodular heterotopia-related epilepsy. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-6. (Read full article)
  30. Johnson WC, Ravindra VM, Fielder T, Ishaque M, Patterson TT, McGinity MJ, Lacci JV, Grandhi R (2021). Surface Area of Decompressive Craniectomy Predicts Bone Flap Failure after Autologous Cranioplasty: A Radiographic Cohort Study. Neurotrauma Rep, 2(1), 391-398. (Read full article)
  31. Ravindra VM, Awad AW, Baker CM, Lee A, Anderson RCE, Gociman B, Patel KB, Smyth MD, Birgfeld C, Pollack IF, Goldstein JA, Imahiyerobo T, Siddiqi FA, Kestle JRW, Synostosis Research Group SynRG (2021). Preoperative imaging patterns and intracranial findings in single-suture craniosynostosis: a study from the Synostosis Research Group. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-7. (Read full article)
  32. Ravindra VM, Iyer RR, Yahanda AT, Bollo RJ, Zhu H, Joyce E, Bethel-Anderson T, Meehan T, Smyth MD, Strahle JM, Park TS, Limbrick DD, Brockmeyer DL, Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium (2021). A multicenter validation of the condylar-C2 sagittal vertical alignment in Chiari malformation type I: a study using the Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-7. (Read full article)
  33. Ravindra VM, Okcu MF, Ruggieri L, Frank TS, Paulino AC, McGovern SL, Horne VE, Dauser RC, Whitehead WE, Aldave G (2021). Comparison of multimodal surgical and radiation treatment methods for pediatric craniopharyngioma: long-term analysis of progression-free survival and morbidity. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-8. (Read full article)
  34. Ikeda DS, Dryden JR, Van Gent JM, Benzer E, Praske SP, Ravindra VM, Miller CA, Curry BP, Bell RS (2020). Transpacific Aeromedical Evacuation for a Ruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformation During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Mil Med, 186(5-6), e632-e636. (Read full article)
  35. Ravindra VM, Karas PJ, Hartnett S, Patino I, North R, Tatsui CE, Gonda D, Schwabe A, Curry DJ (2020). Magnetic Resonance-Guided Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy for Palliative Rhizotomy: A Novel Technical Application. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 20(4), 413-418. (Read full article)
  36. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Brockmeyer DL, Kraus KL, Ropper AE, Hanson DS, Dahl BT (2020). Clinical Effectiveness of S2-Alar Iliac Screws in Spinopelvic Fixation in Pediatric Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Systematic Literature Review. Global Spine J, 10(8), 1066-1074. (Read full article)
  37. Ravindra VM, Iyer RR, Awad AW, Bollo RJ, Zhu H, Brockmeyer DL (2020). Defining the role of the condylar-C2 sagittal vertical alignment in Chiari malformation type I. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 26(4), 439-444. (Read full article)
  38. Awad AW, Kilburg C, Ravindra VM, Scoville J, Joyce E, Grandhi R, Taussky P (2020). Predicting Death After Thrombectomy in the Treatment of Acute Stroke. Front Surg, 7, 16. (Read full article)
  39. Ravindra VM, Aldave G, Weiner HL, Lee T, Belfort MA, Sanz-Cortes M, Espinoza J, Shamshirsaz AA, Nassr AA, Whitehead WE (2020). Prenatal counseling for myelomeningocele in the era of fetal surgery: a shared decision-making approach. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-8. (Read full article)
  40. Ravindra VM, Kralik SF, Griauzde J, Gadgil N, LoPresti MA, Lam S (2020). Preoperative computed tomography perfusion in pediatric moyamoya disease: a single-institution experience. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-8. (Read full article)
  41. Karsy M, Jensen MR, Guan J, Ravindra VM, Bisson EF, Couldwell WT (2018). EQ-5D Quality-of-Life Analysis and Cost-Effectiveness After Skull Base Meningioma Resection. Neurosurgery, 85(3), E543-E552. (Read full article)
  42. Ravindra VM, Karsy M, Lanpher A, Bollo RJ, Griauzde J, Scott RM, Couldwell WT, Smith ER (2019). A national analysis of 9655 pediatric cerebrovascular malformations: effect of hospital volume on outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-10. (Read full article)
  43. Ravindra VM, Kalra RR, Dailey AT (2018). Electromyography stimulation compared with intraoperative O-arm imaging for evaluating pedicle screw breaches in lumbar spine surgery: a prospective analysis of 1006 screws in 164 patients. Spine J, 19(2), 206-211. (Read full article)
  44. Gozal YM, Aktre E, Ravindra VM, Scoville JP, Jensen RL, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2019). Defining a new neurosurgical complication classification: lessons learned from a monthly Morbidity and Mortality conference. J Neurosurg, 1-5. (Read full article)
  45. Ravindra VM, Kestle JRW (2018). Writing a Clinical Research Question. Neurosurgery, 84(1), 12-16. (Read full article)
  46. Ravindra VM, Senglaub SS, Rattani A, Dewan MC, Hrtl R, Bisson E, Park KB, Shrime MG (2018). Degenerative Lumbar Spine Disease: Estimating Global Incidence and Worldwide Volume. Global Spine J, 8(8), 784-794. (Read full article)
  47. Ravindra VM, de Havenon A, Gooldy TC, Scoville J, Guan J, Couldwell WT, Taussky P, MacDonald JD, Schmidt RH, Park MS (2017). Validation of the unruptured intracranial aneurysm treatment score: comparison with real-world cerebrovascular practice. J Neurosurg, 129(1), 100-106. (Read full article)
  48. Karsy M, Harmer JR, Guan J, Brock AA, Ravindra VM, Chung LS, Tkach A, Majersik JJ, Park MS, Schmidt RH (2018). Outcomes in adults with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: A retrospective cohort study. J Clin Neurosci, 53, 34-40. (Read full article)
  49. Ravindra VM, Onwuzulike K, Heller RS, Quigley R, Smith J, Dailey AT, Brockmeyer DL (2017). Chiari-related scoliosis: a single-center experience with long-term radiographic follow-up and relationship to deformity correction. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 21(2), 185-189. (Read full article)
  50. Guan J, Holland CM, Ravindra VM, Bisson EF (2017). Perioperative malnutrition and its relationship to length of stay and complications in patients undergoing surgery for cervical myelopathy. Surg Neurol Int, 8, 307. (Read full article)
  51. Ravindra VM, Christensen MT, Onwuzulike K, Smith JT, Halvorson K, Brockmeyer DL, Walker ML, Bollo RJ (2017). Risk factors for progressive neuromuscular scoliosis requiring posterior spinal fusion after selective dorsal rhizotomy. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 20(5), 456-463. (Read full article)
  52. Ravindra V, Riva-Cambrin J, Horn K, Ginos J, Brockmeyer R, Guan J, Rampton J, Brockmeyer D (2017). A 2D threshold of the condylar-C1 interval to maximize identification of patients at high risk for atlantooccipital dislocation using computed tomography. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 19(4), 458-463. (Read full article)
  53. Guan J, Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH, Dailey AT, Hood RS, Bisson EF (2016). Comparing clinical outcomes of repeat discectomy versus fusion for recurrent disc herniation utilizing the N2QOD. J Neurosurg Spine, 26(1), 39-44. (Read full article)
  54. Dewan MC, Ravindra VM, Gannon S, Prather CT, Yang GL, Jordan LC, Limbrick D, Jea A, Riva-Cambrin J, Naftel RP (2016). Treatment Practices and Outcomes After Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury in Children. Neurosurgery, 79(6), 872-878. (Read full article)
  55. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Bisson EF, Barton C, Shah LM, Dailey AT (2016). The Usefulness of Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography in Defining Painful Upper Cervical Facet Arthropathy. World Neurosurg, 96, 390-395. (Read full article)
  56. Karsy M, Guan J, Ravindra VM, Stilwill S, Mahan MA (2016). Diagnostic Quality of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Interpretation for Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors: Can Malignancy Be Determined? J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg, 77(6), 495-504. (Read full article)
  57. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Park MS, Kilburg C, Moran CJ, Hardman RL, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2016). Complications in Endovascular Neurosurgery: Critical Analysis and Classification. World Neurosurg, 95, 1-8. (Read full article)
  58. Phuntsok R, Mazur MD, Ellis BJ, Ravindra VM, Brockmeyer DL (2015). Development and initial evaluation of a finite element model of the pediatric craniocervical junction. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 17(4), 497-503. (Read full article)
  59. Ravindra VM, Wallace SA, Vaidya R, Fox WC, Klugh AR 3rd, Puskas D, Park MS (2015). Spinal Stabilization Using Orthopedic Extremity Instrumentation Sets During Operation Enduring Freedom-Afghanistan. World Neurosurg, 86, 503-9. (Read full article)
  60. Ravindra VM, Neil JA, Shah LM, Schmidt RH, Bisson EF (2015). Surgical management of traumatic frontal sinus fractures: Case series from a single institution and literature review. Surg Neurol Int, 6, 141. (Read full article)
  61. Godzik J, Ravindra VM, Ray WZ, Schmidt MH, Bisson EF, Dailey AT (2015). Comparison of structural allograft and traditional autograft technique in occipitocervical fusion: radiological and clinical outcomes from a single institution. J Neurosurg Spine, 23(2), 144-52. (Read full article)
  62. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH, Brodke DS, Lawrence BD, Riva-Cambrin J, Dailey AT (2015). Unplanned reoperation after lumbopelvic fixation with S-2 alar-iliac screws or iliac bolts. J Neurosurg Spine, 23(1), 67-76. (Read full article)
  63. Ravindra VM, Riva-Cambrin J, Sivakumar W, Metzger RR, Bollo RJ (2015). Risk factors for traumatic blunt cerebrovascular injury diagnosed by computed tomography angiography in the pediatric population: a retrospective cohort study. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 15(6), 599-606. (Read full article)
  64. Sun SQ, Cai C, Ravindra VM, Gamble P, Yarbrough CK, Dacey RG, Dowling JL, Zipfel GJ, Wright NM, Santiago P, Robinson CG, Schmidt MH, Kim AH, Ray WZ (2015). Simpson Grade I-III Resection of Spinal Atypical (World Health Organization Grade II) Meningiomas is Associated With Symptom Resolution and Low Recurrence. Neurosurgery, 76(6), 739-46. (Read full article)
  65. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Brockmeyer DL (2015). Unilateral fixation for treatment of occipitocervical instability in children with congenital vertebral anomalies of the craniocervical junction. Neurosurg Focus, 38(4), E9. (Read full article)
  66. Ray WZ, Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH, Dailey AT (2013). Stereotactic navigation with the O-arm for placement of S-2 alar iliac screws in pelvic lumbar fixation. J Neurosurg Spine, 18(5), 490-5. (Read full article)
  67. Ray WZ, Ravindra VM, Jost GF, Bisson EF, Schmidt MH (2012). Cost effectiveness of subaxial fusion--lateral mass screws versus transarticular facet screws. Neurosurg Focus, 33(1), E14. (Read full article)


  1. Rajkumar S, Iyer RR, Stone L, Kelly MP, Plonsker J, Brandel M, Gonda DD, Mazur MD, Ikeda DS, Lucas DJ, Choi PM, Ravindra VM (2024). Frequency and predictors of complication clustering within 30 days of spinal fusion surgery: a study of children with neuromuscular scoliosis. [Review]. Spine Deform. (Read full article)
  2. Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH (2023). Spinal Meningiomas: Diagnosis, Surgical Management, and Adjuvant Therapies. [Review]. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 34(3), 425-435. (Read full article)
  3. Ravindra VM, Brockmeyer DL (2022). Complex Chiari Malformations: Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment. [Review]. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 34(1), 143-150. (Read full article)
  4. Khan M, Joyce E, Horn J, Scoville JP, Ravindra V, Menacho ST (2021). Postoperative bowel complications after non-shunt-related neurosurgical procedures: case series and review of the literature. [Review]. Neurosurg Rev, 45(1), 275-283. (Read full article)
  5. Li D, Ravindra VM, Lam SK (2021). Rigid versus flexible neuroendoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of endoscopic third ventriculostomy for the management of pediatric hydrocephalus. [Review]. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 28(4), 439-449. (Read full article)
  6. Ravindra VM, Dunn GP, Belverud S, Carroll CP, Zuckerman SL, Menger R, Malone D, Cooke J, Porenksy P, Klugh Iii A, Gilhooly J, Tomlin J, Bell R, Ikeda DS (2020). U.S. Neurosurgical Response to COVID-19: Forging a Path Toward Disaster Preparedness. [Review]. Mil Med, 186(5-6), 549-555. (Read full article)
  7. Griauzde J, Ravindra VM, Chaudhary N, Gemmete JJ, Pandey AS (2019). Neuroprotection for ischemic stroke in the endovascular era: A brief report on the future of intra-arterial therapy. [Review]. J Clin Neurosci, 69, 289-291. (Read full article)
  8. Ravindra VM, Sweney MT, Bollo RJ (2017). Recent developments in the surgical management of paediatric epilepsy. [Review]. Arch Dis Child, 102(8), 760-766. (Read full article)
  9. Ravindra VM, Ghogawala Z (2017). Is There Still a Role for Interspinous Spacers in the Management of Neurogenic Claudication? [Review]. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 28(3), 321-330. (Read full article)
  10. Ravindra VM, Eli IM, Schmidt MH, Brockmeyer DL (2016). Primary osseous tumors of the pediatric spinal column: review of pathology and surgical decision making. [Review]. Neurosurg Focus, 41(2), E3. (Read full article)
  11. Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH (2016). Management of Spinal Meningiomas. [Review]. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 27(2), 195-205. (Read full article)
  12. Ravindra VM, Kraus KL, Riva-Cambrin JK, Kestle JR (2015). The Need for Cost-Effective Neurosurgical Innovation--A Global Surgery Initiative. [Review]. World Neurosurg, 84(5), 1458-61. (Read full article)
  13. Chen R, Ravindra VM, Cohen AL, Jensen RL, Salzman KL, Prescot AP, Colman H (2015). Molecular features assisting in diagnosis, surgery, and treatment decision making in low-grade gliomas. [Review]. Neurosurg Focus, 38(3), E2. (Read full article)


  1. Karsy M, Ravindra VM, Bollo RJ (2018). Letter to the Editor. Role of dysplastic and genetic mutations during the formation of cerebral aneurysms in infants. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 21(5), 543-544. (Read full article)
  2. Ravindra V, Riva-Cambrin J (2017). In Reply: Management of Penetrating Cerebrovascular Injuries in Pediatric Trauma: A Retrospective Multicenter Study. Neurosurgery, 81(6), E76. (Read full article)
  3. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM (2015). Journal Club: Surgical Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia: Use and Cost-Effectiveness From an Analysis of the Medicare Claims Database. Neurosurgery, 77(5), 832-4. (Read full article)

Case Report

  1. Samples DC, Ravindra VM, Thoms DJ, Tarasiewicz I, Grandhi R (2021). Successful flow diversion treatment of ruptured infectious middle cerebral artery aneurysms with the use of Pipeline Flex with Shield technology. Interv Neuroradiol, 27(2), 225-229. (Read full article)
  2. Ikeda DS, Miller CA, Ravindra VM (2021). Fusion for subaxial bow hunter's syndrome results in remote osseous remodeling of the hyperostotic growth responsible for vertebral artery compression. Surg Neurol Int, 12, 104. (Read full article)
  3. Ravindra VM, Ruggieri L, Vasudevan SA, Hicks MJ, Muscal JA, Quintanilla NM, Schady DA, Aldave G (2019). Salvage sacrococcygeal resection for yolk sac tumors after chemotherapy: report of 2 cases. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-8. (Read full article)
  4. LoPresti MA, Srinivasan VM, North RY, Ravindra VM, Johnson J, Burkhardt JK, Lam SK, Kan P (2019). Endovascular stenting for rescue of a failed donor graft during superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass surgery: case report. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-5. (Read full article)
  5. Ravindra VM, Griauzde J, Scoville JP, Kilburg CJ, Wilkinson DA, Christensen C, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2018). Moderate Sedation for Pipeline Embolization of Posterior Circulation Disease: Technical Note from a Single Center. World Neurosurg, 121, 131-136. (Read full article)
  6. Ravindra VM, Gozal YM, Palmer C, Couldwell WT (2018). Hemorrhagic Atypical Planum Sphenoidale Meningioma with Intermittent Vision Loss-Rare Presentation of Apoplexy. World Neurosurg, 121, 71-76. (Read full article)
  7. Boettcher LB, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Ravindra VM, Horn J, Palmer CA, Menacho ST (2018). Intracranial Epidural Metastases of Adrenal Pheochromocytoma: A Rare Entity. World Neurosurg, 114, 235-240. (Read full article)
  8. Abou-Al-Shaar H, Karsy M, Ravindra V, Joyce E, Mahan MA (2018). Acute repair of traumatic pan-brachial plexus injury: technical considerations and approaches. Neurosurg Focus, 44(VideoSuppl1), V4. (Read full article)
  9. Ravindra VM, Raheja A, Corn H, Driscoll M, Welt C, Simmons DL, Couldwell WT (2016). Primary pituitary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with somatotroph hyperplasia and acromegaly: case report. J Neurosurg, 126(5), 1725-1730. (Read full article)
  10. Ravindra VM, Karsy M, Schmidt RH, Taussky P, Park MS, Bollo RJ (2016). Rapid de novo aneurysm formation after clipping of a ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm in an infant with an MYH11 mutation. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 18(4), 463-470. (Read full article)
  11. Ravindra VM, Brock A, Awad AW, Kalra R, Schmidt MH (2016). The role of the mini-open thoracoscopic-assisted approach in the management of metastatic spine disease at the thoracolumbar junction. Neurosurg Focus, 41(2), E16. (Read full article)
  12. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Driscoll M, McEvoy S, Schmidt MH (2015). BRCA2-positive spinal intramedullary ovarian metastatic disease: case report. Spine J, 16(3), e201-7. (Read full article)
  13. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Mohila CA, Sweney MT, Hersh A, Bollo RJ (2015). Rasmussen encephalitis with dual pathology in a patient without seizures: case report and literature review. Childs Nerv Syst, 31(11), 2165-71. (Read full article)
  14. Godzik J, Ravindra VM, Ray WZ, Eskandari R, Dailey AT (2015). Primary repair of open neural tube defect in adulthood: case example and review of management strategies. Spine J, 15(11), e57-63. (Read full article)
  15. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Dailey AT, McEvoy S, Schmidt MH (2015). Rigid Posterior Lumbopelvic Fixation without Formal Debridement for Pyogenic Vertebral Diskitis and Osteomyelitis Involving the Lumbosacral Junction: Technical Report. Front Surg, 2, 47. (Read full article)
  16. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Alashari M, Raetz E, Poppe MM, Bollo RJ (2015). Primary T cell central nervous system lymphoblastic lymphoma in a child: case report and literature review. Childs Nerv Syst, 31(6), 977-84. (Read full article)
  17. Ravindra VM, Ray WZ, Sayama CM, Dailey AT (2014). Increased spasticity from a fracture in the baclofen catheter caused by Charcot spine: case report. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 96(4), 697-701. (Read full article)
  18. Ravindra VM, Neil JA, Mazur MD, Park MS, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2015). Motion-related vascular abnormalities at the craniocervical junction: illustrative case series and literature review. Neurosurg Focus, 38(4), E6. (Read full article)
  19. Ravindra VM, Braca JA 3rd, Jensen RL, Duckworth EA (2015). Management of intracranial pathology during pregnancy: Case example and review of management strategies. Surg Neurol Int, 6, 43. (Read full article)
  20. Sivakumar W, Ravindra VM, Cutler A, Couldwell WT (2013). Intracranial hypotension in the setting of concurrent perineural cyst rupture and subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Clin Neurosci, 21(6), 1063-5. (Read full article)


  1. Ravindra VM, Grandhi R, Delic A, Hohmann S, Shippey E, Tirschwell D, Frontera JA, Yaghi S, Majersik JJ, Anadani M, de Havenon A (2021). Impact of COVID-19 on the hospitalization, treatment, and outcomes of intracerebral and subarachnoid hemorrhage in the United States. PLoS One (16(4), pp. e0248728). United States. (Read full article)
  2. Baker CM, Ravindra VM, Gociman B, Siddiqi FA, Goldstein JA, Smyth MD, Lee A, Anderson RCE, Patel KB, Birgfeld C, Pollack IF, Imahiyerobo T, Kestle JRW, Synostosis Research Group (2020). Management of sagittal synostosis in the Synostosis Research Group: baseline data and early outcomes. Neurosurg Focus (50(4), pp. E3). United States. (Read full article)
  3. Ravindra VM, Bollo RJ, Dewan MC, Riva-Cambrin JK, Tonetti D, Awad AW, Akbari SH, Gannon S, Shannon C, Birkas Y, Limbrick D, Jea A, Naftel RP, Kestle JR, Grandhi R (2020). Comparison of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy for treatment of blunt cerebrovascular injury in children <10 years of age: a multicenter retrospective cohort study. Childs Nerv Syst (37(1), pp. 47-54). Germany. (Read full article)
  4. Ravindra VM, Alexander M, Taussky P, Bollo RJ, Hassan AE, Scoville JP, Griauzde J, Awad AW, Jumaa M, Zaidi S, Lee JJ, Hafeez MU, Nascimento FA, LoPresti MA, Couldwell WT, Hetts SW, Lam SK, Kan P, Grandhi R (2019). Endovascular Thrombectomy for Pediatric Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Multi-Institutional Experience of Technical and Clinical Outcomes. Neurosurgery (88(1), pp. 46-54). United States. (Read full article)
  5. Ravindra VM, Bollo RJ, Eli IM, Griauzde J, Lanpher A, Klein J, Zhu H, Brockmeyer DL, Kestle JRW, Couldwell WT, Scott RM, Smith E (2018). A study of pediatric cerebral arteriovenous malformations: clinical presentation, radiological features, and long-term functional and educational outcomes with predictors of sustained neurological deficits. J Neurosurg Pediatr (24(1), pp. 1-8). United States. (Read full article)
  6. Ravindra VM, Guan J, Holland CM, Dailey AT, Schmidt MH, Godzik J, Hood RS, Ray WZ, Bisson EF (2016). Vitamin D status in cervical spondylotic myelopathy: comparison of fusion rates and patient outcome measures. J Neurosurg Sci (63(1), pp. 36-41). Italy. (Read full article)
  7. Greenberg JK, Jeffe DB, Carpenter CR, Yan Y, Pineda JA, Lumba-Brown A, Keller MS, Berger D, Bollo RJ, Ravindra VM, Naftel RP, Dewan MC, Shah MN, Burns EC, ONeill BR, Hankinson TC, Whitehead WE, Adelson PD, Tamber MS, McDonald PJ, Ahn ES, Titsworth W, West AN, Brownson RC, Limbrick DD (2018). North American survey on the post-neuroimaging management of children with mild head injuries. J Neurosurg Pediatr (23(2), pp. 227-235). United States. (Read full article)
  8. Ravindra VM, Dewan MC, Akbari H, Bollo RJ, Limbrick D, Jea A, Naftel RP, Riva-Cambrin JK (2016). Management of Penetrating Cerebrovascular Injuries in Pediatric Trauma: A Retrospective Multicenter Study. Neurosurgery (81(3), pp. 473-480). United States. (Read full article)
  9. Griauzde J, Ravindra VM, Chaudhary N, Gemmete JJ, Mazur MD, Roark CD, Couldwell WT, Park MS, Taussky P, Pandey AS (2017). Use of the Pipeline embolization device in the treatment of iatrogenic intracranial vascular injuries: a bi-institutional experience. Neurosurg Focus (42(6), pp. E9). United States. (Read full article)
  10. Ravindra VM, Bollo RJ, Sivakumar W, Akbari H, Naftel RP, Limbrick DD Jr, Jea A, Gannon S, Shannon C, Birkas Y, Yang GL, Prather CT, Kestle JR, Riva-Cambrin J (2016). Predicting Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury in Pediatric Trauma: Validation of the "Utah Score". J Neurotrauma (34(2), pp. 391-399). United States. (Read full article)
  11. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Kumpati GS, Park MS, Patel AN, Tandar A, Welt FG, Bull D, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2015). Carotid Artery Stenosis in the Setting of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Clinical and Technical Considerations of Carotid Stenting. World Neurosurg (86, pp. 194-8). United States. (Read full article)
  12. Ravindra VM, Godzik J, Dailey AT, Schmidt MH, Bisson EF, Hood RS, Cutler A, Ray WZ (2015). Vitamin D Levels and 1-Year Fusion Outcomes in Elective Spine Surgery: A Prospective Observational Study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) (40(19), pp. 1536-41). United States. (Read full article)
  13. Ravindra VM, Godzik J, Guan J, Dailey AT, Schmidt MH, Bisson EF, Hood RS, Ray WZ (2014). Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients Undergoing Elective Spine Surgery: A Cross-Sectional Analysis. World Neurosurg (83(6), pp. 1114-9). United States. (Read full article)


  1. Ravindra VM, Aldave G (2019). Transcallosal Interforniceal Approach for a Large Choroid Plexus Tumor in a 4-Month-Old Boy: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. [Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown)]. United States. (Read full article)