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Vijay Ravindra

Vijay Ravindra, MD, MPH

Academic Information

Departments Adjunct - Neurosurgery

Academic Office Information

Selected Publications

Journal Article

  1. Findlay MC, Grandhi R, Nelson JR, Lucke-Wold B, Chowdhury MAB, Hoh BL, Steinberg J, Santiago-Dieppa D, Khalessi A, Ikeda DS, Ravindra VM (2023). How do children fare compared with adults? Comparing relative outcomes after thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis, 32(11), 107350.
  2. Ravindra VM, Jensen H, Riva-Cambrin J, Wellons JC, Limbrick DD, Pindrik J, Jackson EM, Pollack IF, Hankinson TC, Hauptman JS, Tamber MS, Kulkarni AV, Rocque BG, Rozzelle C, Whitehead WE, Chu J, Krieger MD, Simon TD, Reeder R, McDonald PJ, Nunn N, Kestle JRW, Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network, HCRN Members (2023). Comparison of outcomes in the management of abdominal pseudocyst in children with shunted hydrocephalus: a Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network study. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 32(3), 312-323.
  3. Stone LE, Kelly MP, Alexander M, Brandel M, Lam SK, Ravindra VM (2023). Rett Syndrome-Associated Scoliosis: Analysis of National Trends and Treatment Patterns of a Rare Indication for Posterior Instrumented Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976).
  4. Weinberger M, Ikeda DS, Belverud S, Cho A, Grice G, Willis M, Ravindra VM (2023). Large saccular intracranial aneurysm in a child with RASA1-associated capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome: illustrative case. J Neurosurg Case Lessons, 6(9).
  5. Rajkumar S, Ikeda DS, Scanlon M, Shields M, Kestle JR, Plonsker J, Brandel M, Gonda DD, Levy M, Lucas DJ, Choi PM, Ravindra VM (2023). Frequency and predictors of concurrent complications in multi-suture release for syndromic craniosynostosis. Childs Nerv Syst.
  6. Hewes HA, Ravindra VM, Ryan S, Russell KW, Soisson S, Brockmeyer DL (2022). The Fate of the Cervical Collar: An Observational Pilot Study Investigating Follow-up Care After Emergency Department Discharge in Children With Mild Traumatic Neck Injuries. Pediatr Emerg Care, 394(4), 274-278.
  7. Ravindra VM, Karas PJ, Lazaro TT, Coorg R, Awad AW, Patino I, McClernon EE, Clarke D, Cairampoma Whitehead L, Anderson A, Diaz-Medina G, Houck K, Katyayan A, Masters L, Nath A, Quach M, Riviello J, Seto ES, Sully K, Agurs L, Sen S, Handoko M, LoPresti M, Ali I, Curry DJ, Weiner HL (2022). Epilepsy Surgery in Young Children With Tuberous Sclerosis Complex: A Novel Hybrid Multimodal Surgical Approach. Neurosurgery, 92(2), 398-406.
  8. Venkataraman SS, Herbert JP, Ravindra VM, Yu BN, Bollo R, Cox CS, Gannon SR, Limbrick D, Naftel RP, Ugalde IT, Yorkgitis BK, Weiner HL, Shah MN (2022). Multicenter Validation of the McGovern Pediatric Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury Screening Score. J Neurotrauma, 40(13-14), 1451-1458.
  9. Tadlock MD, Olson EJ, Gasques D, Champagne R, Krzyzaniak MJ, Belverud SA, Ravindra V, Kerns J, Choi PM, Deveraux J, Johnson J, Sharkey T, Yip M, Weibel N, Davis K (2022). Mixed reality surgical mentoring of combat casualty care related procedures in a perfused cadaver model: Initial results of a randomized feasibility study. Surgery, 172(5), 1337-1345.
  10. Grandhi R, Ravindra VM, Kallmes DF, Lopes D, Hanel RA, Lylyk P (2022). Treatment of giant intracranial aneurysms using the Pipeline flow-diverting stent: Long-term results from the International Retrospective Study of the Pipeline Embolization Device (IntrePED) study. Interv Neuroradiol, 15910199221123282.
  11. Ravindra VM, Tadlock MD, Gurney JM, Kraus KL, Dengler BA, Gordon J, Cooke J, Porensky P, Belverud S, Milton JO, Cardoso M, Carroll CP, Tomlin J, Champagne R, Bell RS, Viers AG, Ikeda DS (2022). Attitudes Toward Neurosurgery Education for the Nonneurosurgeon: A Survey Study and Critical Analysis of U.S. Military Training Techniques and Future Prospects. World Neurosurg.
  12. Yokoi H, McGovern M, Fetherston T, Clarke SC, Ravindra VM, Hooten KG, Ikeda DS (2022). A history of neurosurgical capabilities in the United States Pacific Command: from World War II to present. Neurosurg Focus, 53(3), E13.
  13. Ikeda DS, Meister M, Porensky P, Yokoi H, Ravindra VM (2022). Lumbar Fusion for Active Duty Service Members Performed at an Overseas Military Treatment Facility: A 2-Year Retrospective Analysis. Mil Med.
  14. Ravindra VM, Denorme F, D Alexander M, A Campbell R, Grandhi R (2022). Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy in a child with COVID-19: Clot analysis reveals a novel pathway in the neuroinflammatory cascade resulting in large-vessel occlusion. Interv Neuroradiol, 29(5), 609-616.
  15. Prablek MA, LoPresti M, Bertot B, Morris SA, Bauer D, Lam S, Ravindra V (2022). Evaluation of cervical spine pathology in children with Loeys-Dietz syndrome. Surg Neurol Int, 13, 96.
  16. Grandhi R, Ravindra VM, Ney JP, Zaidat O, Taussky P, de Havenon A (2021). Investigating the "Weekend Effect" on Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Endovascular Mechanical Thrombectomy for Ischemic Stroke. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis, 30(10), 106013.
  17. Ravindra VM, Lee S, Gonda D, Patino I, Ruggieri L, Ikeda DS, Curry DJ (2021). Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy for pediatric periventricular nodular heterotopia-related epilepsy. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-6.
  18. Johnson WC, Ravindra VM, Fielder T, Ishaque M, Patterson TT, McGinity MJ, Lacci JV, Grandhi R (2021). Surface Area of Decompressive Craniectomy Predicts Bone Flap Failure after Autologous Cranioplasty: A Radiographic Cohort Study. Neurotrauma Rep, 2(1), 391-398.
  19. Ravindra VM, Awad AW, Baker CM, Lee A, Anderson RCE, Gociman B, Patel KB, Smyth MD, Birgfeld C, Pollack IF, Goldstein JA, Imahiyerobo T, Siddiqi FA, Kestle JRW, Synostosis Research Group SynRG (2021). Preoperative imaging patterns and intracranial findings in single-suture craniosynostosis: a study from the Synostosis Research Group. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-7.
  20. Ravindra VM, Iyer RR, Yahanda AT, Bollo RJ, Zhu H, Joyce E, Bethel-Anderson T, Meehan T, Smyth MD, Strahle JM, Park TS, Limbrick DD, Brockmeyer DL, Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium (2021). A multicenter validation of the condylar-C2 sagittal vertical alignment in Chiari malformation type I: a study using the Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-7.
  21. Ravindra VM, Okcu MF, Ruggieri L, Frank TS, Paulino AC, McGovern SL, Horne VE, Dauser RC, Whitehead WE, Aldave G (2021). Comparison of multimodal surgical and radiation treatment methods for pediatric craniopharyngioma: long-term analysis of progression-free survival and morbidity. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-8.
  22. Ikeda DS, Dryden JR, Van Gent JM, Benzer E, Praske SP, Ravindra VM, Miller CA, Curry BP, Bell RS (2020). Transpacific Aeromedical Evacuation for a Ruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformation During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Mil Med, 186(5-6), e632-e636.
  23. Ravindra VM, Karas PJ, Hartnett S, Patino I, North R, Tatsui CE, Gonda D, Schwabe A, Curry DJ (2020). Magnetic Resonance-Guided Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy for Palliative Rhizotomy: A Novel Technical Application. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown), 20(4), 413-418.
  24. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Brockmeyer DL, Kraus KL, Ropper AE, Hanson DS, Dahl BT (2020). Clinical Effectiveness of S2-Alar Iliac Screws in Spinopelvic Fixation in Pediatric Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Systematic Literature Review. Global Spine J, 10(8), 1066-1074.
  25. Ravindra VM, Iyer RR, Awad AW, Bollo RJ, Zhu H, Brockmeyer DL (2020). Defining the role of the condylar-C2 sagittal vertical alignment in Chiari malformation type I. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 26(4), 439-444.
  26. Awad AW, Kilburg C, Ravindra VM, Scoville J, Joyce E, Grandhi R, Taussky P (2020). Predicting Death After Thrombectomy in the Treatment of Acute Stroke. Front Surg, 7, 16.
  27. Ravindra VM, Aldave G, Weiner HL, Lee T, Belfort MA, Sanz-Cortes M, Espinoza J, Shamshirsaz AA, Nassr AA, Whitehead WE (2020). Prenatal counseling for myelomeningocele in the era of fetal surgery: a shared decision-making approach. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-8.
  28. Ravindra VM, Kralik SF, Griauzde J, Gadgil N, LoPresti MA, Lam S (2020). Preoperative computed tomography perfusion in pediatric moyamoya disease: a single-institution experience. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-8.
  29. Karsy M, Jensen MR, Guan J, Ravindra VM, Bisson EF, Couldwell WT (2018). EQ-5D Quality-of-Life Analysis and Cost-Effectiveness After Skull Base Meningioma Resection. Neurosurgery, 85(3), E543-E552.
  30. Ravindra VM, Karsy M, Lanpher A, Bollo RJ, Griauzde J, Scott RM, Couldwell WT, Smith ER (2019). A national analysis of 9655 pediatric cerebrovascular malformations: effect of hospital volume on outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-10.
  31. Ravindra VM, Kalra RR, Dailey AT (2018). Electromyography stimulation compared with intraoperative O-arm imaging for evaluating pedicle screw breaches in lumbar spine surgery: a prospective analysis of 1006 screws in 164 patients. Spine J, 19(2), 206-211.
  32. Gozal YM, Aktre E, Ravindra VM, Scoville JP, Jensen RL, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2019). Defining a new neurosurgical complication classification: lessons learned from a monthly Morbidity and Mortality conference. J Neurosurg, 1-5.
  33. Ravindra VM, Kestle JRW (2018). Writing a Clinical Research Question. Neurosurgery, 84(1), 12-16.
  34. Ravindra VM, Senglaub SS, Rattani A, Dewan MC, Hrtl R, Bisson E, Park KB, Shrime MG (2018). Degenerative Lumbar Spine Disease: Estimating Global Incidence and Worldwide Volume. Global Spine J, 8(8), 784-794.
  35. Ravindra VM, de Havenon A, Gooldy TC, Scoville J, Guan J, Couldwell WT, Taussky P, MacDonald JD, Schmidt RH, Park MS (2017). Validation of the unruptured intracranial aneurysm treatment score: comparison with real-world cerebrovascular practice. J Neurosurg, 129(1), 100-106.
  36. Karsy M, Harmer JR, Guan J, Brock AA, Ravindra VM, Chung LS, Tkach A, Majersik JJ, Park MS, Schmidt RH (2018). Outcomes in adults with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis: A retrospective cohort study. J Clin Neurosci, 53, 34-40.
  37. Ravindra VM, Onwuzulike K, Heller RS, Quigley R, Smith J, Dailey AT, Brockmeyer DL (2017). Chiari-related scoliosis: a single-center experience with long-term radiographic follow-up and relationship to deformity correction. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 21(2), 185-189.
  38. Guan J, Holland CM, Ravindra VM, Bisson EF (2017). Perioperative malnutrition and its relationship to length of stay and complications in patients undergoing surgery for cervical myelopathy. Surg Neurol Int, 8, 307.
  39. Ravindra VM, Christensen MT, Onwuzulike K, Smith JT, Halvorson K, Brockmeyer DL, Walker ML, Bollo RJ (2017). Risk factors for progressive neuromuscular scoliosis requiring posterior spinal fusion after selective dorsal rhizotomy. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 20(5), 456-463.
  40. Ravindra V, Riva-Cambrin J, Horn K, Ginos J, Brockmeyer R, Guan J, Rampton J, Brockmeyer D (2017). A 2D threshold of the condylar-C1 interval to maximize identification of patients at high risk for atlantooccipital dislocation using computed tomography. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 19(4), 458-463.
  41. Guan J, Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH, Dailey AT, Hood RS, Bisson EF (2016). Comparing clinical outcomes of repeat discectomy versus fusion for recurrent disc herniation utilizing the N2QOD. J Neurosurg Spine, 26(1), 39-44.
  42. Dewan MC, Ravindra VM, Gannon S, Prather CT, Yang GL, Jordan LC, Limbrick D, Jea A, Riva-Cambrin J, Naftel RP (2016). Treatment Practices and Outcomes After Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury in Children. Neurosurgery, 79(6), 872-878.
  43. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Bisson EF, Barton C, Shah LM, Dailey AT (2016). The Usefulness of Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography in Defining Painful Upper Cervical Facet Arthropathy. World Neurosurg, 96, 390-395.
  44. Karsy M, Guan J, Ravindra VM, Stilwill S, Mahan MA (2016). Diagnostic Quality of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Interpretation for Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors: Can Malignancy Be Determined? J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg, 77(6), 495-504.
  45. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Park MS, Kilburg C, Moran CJ, Hardman RL, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2016). Complications in Endovascular Neurosurgery: Critical Analysis and Classification. World Neurosurg, 95, 1-8.
  46. Phuntsok R, Mazur MD, Ellis BJ, Ravindra VM, Brockmeyer DL (2015). Development and initial evaluation of a finite element model of the pediatric craniocervical junction. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 17(4), 497-503.
  47. Ravindra VM, Wallace SA, Vaidya R, Fox WC, Klugh AR 3rd, Puskas D, Park MS (2015). Spinal Stabilization Using Orthopedic Extremity Instrumentation Sets During Operation Enduring Freedom-Afghanistan. World Neurosurg, 86, 503-9.
  48. Ravindra VM, Neil JA, Shah LM, Schmidt RH, Bisson EF (2015). Surgical management of traumatic frontal sinus fractures: Case series from a single institution and literature review. Surg Neurol Int, 6, 141.
  49. Godzik J, Ravindra VM, Ray WZ, Schmidt MH, Bisson EF, Dailey AT (2015). Comparison of structural allograft and traditional autograft technique in occipitocervical fusion: radiological and clinical outcomes from a single institution. J Neurosurg Spine, 23(2), 144-52.
  50. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH, Brodke DS, Lawrence BD, Riva-Cambrin J, Dailey AT (2015). Unplanned reoperation after lumbopelvic fixation with S-2 alar-iliac screws or iliac bolts. J Neurosurg Spine, 23(1), 67-76.
  51. Ravindra VM, Riva-Cambrin J, Sivakumar W, Metzger RR, Bollo RJ (2015). Risk factors for traumatic blunt cerebrovascular injury diagnosed by computed tomography angiography in the pediatric population: a retrospective cohort study. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 15(6), 599-606.
  52. Sun SQ, Cai C, Ravindra VM, Gamble P, Yarbrough CK, Dacey RG, Dowling JL, Zipfel GJ, Wright NM, Santiago P, Robinson CG, Schmidt MH, Kim AH, Ray WZ (2015). Simpson Grade I-III Resection of Spinal Atypical (World Health Organization Grade II) Meningiomas is Associated With Symptom Resolution and Low Recurrence. Neurosurgery, 76(6), 739-46.
  53. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Brockmeyer DL (2015). Unilateral fixation for treatment of occipitocervical instability in children with congenital vertebral anomalies of the craniocervical junction. Neurosurg Focus, 38(4), E9.
  54. Ray WZ, Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH, Dailey AT (2013). Stereotactic navigation with the O-arm for placement of S-2 alar iliac screws in pelvic lumbar fixation. J Neurosurg Spine, 18(5), 490-5.
  55. Ray WZ, Ravindra VM, Jost GF, Bisson EF, Schmidt MH (2012). Cost effectiveness of subaxial fusion--lateral mass screws versus transarticular facet screws. Neurosurg Focus, 33(1), E14.


  1. Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH (2023). Spinal Meningiomas: Diagnosis, Surgical Management, and Adjuvant Therapies. [Review]. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 34(3), 425-435.
  2. Ravindra VM, Brockmeyer DL (2022). Complex Chiari Malformations: Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment. [Review]. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 34(1), 143-150.
  3. Khan M, Joyce E, Horn J, Scoville JP, Ravindra V, Menacho ST (2021). Postoperative bowel complications after non-shunt-related neurosurgical procedures: case series and review of the literature. [Review]. Neurosurg Rev, 45(1), 275-283.
  4. Li D, Ravindra VM, Lam SK (2021). Rigid versus flexible neuroendoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of endoscopic third ventriculostomy for the management of pediatric hydrocephalus. [Review]. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 28(4), 439-449.
  5. Ravindra VM, Dunn GP, Belverud S, Carroll CP, Zuckerman SL, Menger R, Malone D, Cooke J, Porenksy P, Klugh Iii A, Gilhooly J, Tomlin J, Bell R, Ikeda DS (2020). U.S. Neurosurgical Response to COVID-19: Forging a Path Toward Disaster Preparedness. [Review]. Mil Med, 186(5-6), 549-555.
  6. Griauzde J, Ravindra VM, Chaudhary N, Gemmete JJ, Pandey AS (2019). Neuroprotection for ischemic stroke in the endovascular era: A brief report on the future of intra-arterial therapy. [Review]. J Clin Neurosci, 69, 289-291.
  7. Ravindra VM, Sweney MT, Bollo RJ (2017). Recent developments in the surgical management of paediatric epilepsy. [Review]. Arch Dis Child, 102(8), 760-766.
  8. Ravindra VM, Ghogawala Z (2017). Is There Still a Role for Interspinous Spacers in the Management of Neurogenic Claudication? [Review]. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 28(3), 321-330.
  9. Ravindra VM, Eli IM, Schmidt MH, Brockmeyer DL (2016). Primary osseous tumors of the pediatric spinal column: review of pathology and surgical decision making. [Review]. Neurosurg Focus, 41(2), E3.
  10. Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH (2016). Management of Spinal Meningiomas. [Review]. Neurosurg Clin N Am, 27(2), 195-205.
  11. Ravindra VM, Kraus KL, Riva-Cambrin JK, Kestle JR (2015). The Need for Cost-Effective Neurosurgical Innovation--A Global Surgery Initiative. [Review]. World Neurosurg, 84(5), 1458-61.
  12. Chen R, Ravindra VM, Cohen AL, Jensen RL, Salzman KL, Prescot AP, Colman H (2015). Molecular features assisting in diagnosis, surgery, and treatment decision making in low-grade gliomas. [Review]. Neurosurg Focus, 38(3), E2.


  1. Karsy M, Ravindra VM, Bollo RJ (2018). Letter to the Editor. Role of dysplastic and genetic mutations during the formation of cerebral aneurysms in infants. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 21(5), 543-544.
  2. Ravindra V, Riva-Cambrin J (2017). In Reply: Management of Penetrating Cerebrovascular Injuries in Pediatric Trauma: A Retrospective Multicenter Study. Neurosurgery, 81(6), E76.
  3. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM (2015). Journal Club: Surgical Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia: Use and Cost-Effectiveness From an Analysis of the Medicare Claims Database. Neurosurgery, 77(5), 832-4.

Case Report

  1. Samples DC, Ravindra VM, Thoms DJ, Tarasiewicz I, Grandhi R (2021). Successful flow diversion treatment of ruptured infectious middle cerebral artery aneurysms with the use of Pipeline Flex with Shield technology. Interv Neuroradiol, 27(2), 225-229.
  2. Ikeda DS, Miller CA, Ravindra VM (2021). Fusion for subaxial bow hunter's syndrome results in remote osseous remodeling of the hyperostotic growth responsible for vertebral artery compression. Surg Neurol Int, 12, 104.
  3. Ravindra VM, Ruggieri L, Vasudevan SA, Hicks MJ, Muscal JA, Quintanilla NM, Schady DA, Aldave G (2019). Salvage sacrococcygeal resection for yolk sac tumors after chemotherapy: report of 2 cases. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-8.
  4. LoPresti MA, Srinivasan VM, North RY, Ravindra VM, Johnson J, Burkhardt JK, Lam SK, Kan P (2019). Endovascular stenting for rescue of a failed donor graft during superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass surgery: case report. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 1-5.
  5. Ravindra VM, Griauzde J, Scoville JP, Kilburg CJ, Wilkinson DA, Christensen C, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2018). Moderate Sedation for Pipeline Embolization of Posterior Circulation Disease: Technical Note from a Single Center. World Neurosurg, 121, 131-136.
  6. Ravindra VM, Gozal YM, Palmer C, Couldwell WT (2018). Hemorrhagic Atypical Planum Sphenoidale Meningioma with Intermittent Vision Loss-Rare Presentation of Apoplexy. World Neurosurg, 121, 71-76.
  7. Boettcher LB, Abou-Al-Shaar H, Ravindra VM, Horn J, Palmer CA, Menacho ST (2018). Intracranial Epidural Metastases of Adrenal Pheochromocytoma: A Rare Entity. World Neurosurg, 114, 235-240.
  8. Abou-Al-Shaar H, Karsy M, Ravindra V, Joyce E, Mahan MA (2018). Acute repair of traumatic pan-brachial plexus injury: technical considerations and approaches. Neurosurg Focus, 44(VideoSuppl1), V4.
  9. Ravindra VM, Raheja A, Corn H, Driscoll M, Welt C, Simmons DL, Couldwell WT (2016). Primary pituitary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with somatotroph hyperplasia and acromegaly: case report. J Neurosurg, 126(5), 1725-1730.
  10. Ravindra VM, Karsy M, Schmidt RH, Taussky P, Park MS, Bollo RJ (2016). Rapid de novo aneurysm formation after clipping of a ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm in an infant with an MYH11 mutation. J Neurosurg Pediatr, 18(4), 463-470.
  11. Ravindra VM, Brock A, Awad AW, Kalra R, Schmidt MH (2016). The role of the mini-open thoracoscopic-assisted approach in the management of metastatic spine disease at the thoracolumbar junction. Neurosurg Focus, 41(2), E16.
  12. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Driscoll M, McEvoy S, Schmidt MH (2015). BRCA2-positive spinal intramedullary ovarian metastatic disease: case report. Spine J, 16(3), e201-7.
  13. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Mohila CA, Sweney MT, Hersh A, Bollo RJ (2015). Rasmussen encephalitis with dual pathology in a patient without seizures: case report and literature review. Childs Nerv Syst, 31(11), 2165-71.
  14. Godzik J, Ravindra VM, Ray WZ, Eskandari R, Dailey AT (2015). Primary repair of open neural tube defect in adulthood: case example and review of management strategies. Spine J, 15(11), e57-63.
  15. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Dailey AT, McEvoy S, Schmidt MH (2015). Rigid Posterior Lumbopelvic Fixation without Formal Debridement for Pyogenic Vertebral Diskitis and Osteomyelitis Involving the Lumbosacral Junction: Technical Report. Front Surg, 2, 47.
  16. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Alashari M, Raetz E, Poppe MM, Bollo RJ (2015). Primary T cell central nervous system lymphoblastic lymphoma in a child: case report and literature review. Childs Nerv Syst, 31(6), 977-84.
  17. Ravindra VM, Ray WZ, Sayama CM, Dailey AT (2014). Increased spasticity from a fracture in the baclofen catheter caused by Charcot spine: case report. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 96(4), 697-701.
  18. Ravindra VM, Neil JA, Mazur MD, Park MS, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2015). Motion-related vascular abnormalities at the craniocervical junction: illustrative case series and literature review. Neurosurg Focus, 38(4), E6.
  19. Ravindra VM, Braca JA 3rd, Jensen RL, Duckworth EA (2015). Management of intracranial pathology during pregnancy: Case example and review of management strategies. Surg Neurol Int, 6, 43.
  20. Sivakumar W, Ravindra VM, Cutler A, Couldwell WT (2013). Intracranial hypotension in the setting of concurrent perineural cyst rupture and subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Clin Neurosci, 21(6), 1063-5.


  1. Ravindra VM, Grandhi R, Delic A, Hohmann S, Shippey E, Tirschwell D, Frontera JA, Yaghi S, Majersik JJ, Anadani M, de Havenon A (2021). Impact of COVID-19 on the hospitalization, treatment, and outcomes of intracerebral and subarachnoid hemorrhage in the United States. PLoS One (16(4), pp. e0248728). United States.
  2. Baker CM, Ravindra VM, Gociman B, Siddiqi FA, Goldstein JA, Smyth MD, Lee A, Anderson RCE, Patel KB, Birgfeld C, Pollack IF, Imahiyerobo T, Kestle JRW, Synostosis Research Group (2020). Management of sagittal synostosis in the Synostosis Research Group: baseline data and early outcomes. Neurosurg Focus (50(4), pp. E3). United States.
  3. Ravindra VM, Bollo RJ, Dewan MC, Riva-Cambrin JK, Tonetti D, Awad AW, Akbari SH, Gannon S, Shannon C, Birkas Y, Limbrick D, Jea A, Naftel RP, Kestle JR, Grandhi R (2020). Comparison of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy for treatment of blunt cerebrovascular injury in children <10 years of age: a multicenter retrospective cohort study. Childs Nerv Syst (37(1), pp. 47-54). Germany.
  4. Ravindra VM, Alexander M, Taussky P, Bollo RJ, Hassan AE, Scoville JP, Griauzde J, Awad AW, Jumaa M, Zaidi S, Lee JJ, Hafeez MU, Nascimento FA, LoPresti MA, Couldwell WT, Hetts SW, Lam SK, Kan P, Grandhi R (2019). Endovascular Thrombectomy for Pediatric Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Multi-Institutional Experience of Technical and Clinical Outcomes. Neurosurgery (88(1), pp. 46-54). United States.
  5. Ravindra VM, Bollo RJ, Eli IM, Griauzde J, Lanpher A, Klein J, Zhu H, Brockmeyer DL, Kestle JRW, Couldwell WT, Scott RM, Smith E (2018). A study of pediatric cerebral arteriovenous malformations: clinical presentation, radiological features, and long-term functional and educational outcomes with predictors of sustained neurological deficits. J Neurosurg Pediatr (24(1), pp. 1-8). United States.
  6. Ravindra VM, Guan J, Holland CM, Dailey AT, Schmidt MH, Godzik J, Hood RS, Ray WZ, Bisson EF (2016). Vitamin D status in cervical spondylotic myelopathy: comparison of fusion rates and patient outcome measures. J Neurosurg Sci (63(1), pp. 36-41). Italy.
  7. Greenberg JK, Jeffe DB, Carpenter CR, Yan Y, Pineda JA, Lumba-Brown A, Keller MS, Berger D, Bollo RJ, Ravindra VM, Naftel RP, Dewan MC, Shah MN, Burns EC, ONeill BR, Hankinson TC, Whitehead WE, Adelson PD, Tamber MS, McDonald PJ, Ahn ES, Titsworth W, West AN, Brownson RC, Limbrick DD (2018). North American survey on the post-neuroimaging management of children with mild head injuries. J Neurosurg Pediatr (23(2), pp. 227-235). United States.
  8. Ravindra VM, Dewan MC, Akbari H, Bollo RJ, Limbrick D, Jea A, Naftel RP, Riva-Cambrin JK (2016). Management of Penetrating Cerebrovascular Injuries in Pediatric Trauma: A Retrospective Multicenter Study. Neurosurgery (81(3), pp. 473-480). United States.
  9. Griauzde J, Ravindra VM, Chaudhary N, Gemmete JJ, Mazur MD, Roark CD, Couldwell WT, Park MS, Taussky P, Pandey AS (2017). Use of the Pipeline embolization device in the treatment of iatrogenic intracranial vascular injuries: a bi-institutional experience. Neurosurg Focus (42(6), pp. E9). United States.
  10. Ravindra VM, Bollo RJ, Sivakumar W, Akbari H, Naftel RP, Limbrick DD Jr, Jea A, Gannon S, Shannon C, Birkas Y, Yang GL, Prather CT, Kestle JR, Riva-Cambrin J (2016). Predicting Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury in Pediatric Trauma: Validation of the "Utah Score". J Neurotrauma (34(2), pp. 391-399). United States.
  11. Ravindra VM, Mazur MD, Kumpati GS, Park MS, Patel AN, Tandar A, Welt FG, Bull D, Couldwell WT, Taussky P (2015). Carotid Artery Stenosis in the Setting of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Clinical and Technical Considerations of Carotid Stenting. World Neurosurg (86, pp. 194-8). United States.
  12. Ravindra VM, Godzik J, Dailey AT, Schmidt MH, Bisson EF, Hood RS, Cutler A, Ray WZ (2015). Vitamin D Levels and 1-Year Fusion Outcomes in Elective Spine Surgery: A Prospective Observational Study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) (40(19), pp. 1536-41). United States.
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  1. Ravindra VM, Aldave G (2019). Transcallosal Interforniceal Approach for a Large Choroid Plexus Tumor in a 4-Month-Old Boy: 2-Dimensional Operative Video. [Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown)]. United States.

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