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Yoshio Nakamura

Yoshio Nakamura, PhD

Languages spoken: English, Japanese

Academic Information

Departments Primary - Anesthesiology

Academic Office Information

Yoshio Nakamura, PhD, Associate Professor in the Dept. of Anesthesiology Pain Research Center

I am an Associate professor of Anesthesiology at the University of Utah. As a research psychologist, my research has centered on the intersection of consciousness, emotion and pain, an area critical for understanding mind-body interactions. I studied placebo analgesia (PA) to investigate dynamically unfolding processes in the generation of PA response (R01-NS046230). From 2004 to 2010, I served as Director of the Utah Center for Exploring Mind-Body Interactions (UCEMBI), collaborating with 15 other investigators in various departments at our university. An exploratory NIH grant (R21-AT002209) supported UCEMBI, allowing us to explore: 1) methods that enhance (somatic) awareness for the purpose of human change, and 2) chronic multi-symptom illness in which awareness of somatic symptoms is a salient feature. More recently, I have been working to develop and refine an overarching methodological framework useful for investigating underlying theoretical mechanisms by which mindful awareness training works to alleviate symptoms and suffering in patients with wide-ranging medical conditions. I have conducted studies of mindfulness meditation as well as several pilot projects investigating the efficacy of Mind-Body Bridging (MBB). MBB, a mind training program that appears to foster mindfulness, promises to be a novel effective intervention for many different medical and mental health conditions. The pilot work with MBB led to my two DoD-funded research projects investigating the usefulness of a MBB-based intervention program (that is designed to cultivate the quality of awareness) in producing therapeutic benefits for: 1) Gulf War Veterans suffering from chronic illness (e.g., insomnia complains and other co-morbid symptoms) and 2) Veterans with mind traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and sleep disturbance together with other co-morbid symptoms (such as PTSD and chronic pain). I have been involved in directing research studies testing mind-body intervention protocols for treating people with chronic illness, such as chronic pain, fibromyalgia, chronic insomnia, Gulf War Illness, and mTBI. I have been a part of an interdisciplinary and translational research team with diverse expertise in research and clinical areas at the Pain Research Center. My long-term goals are to: 1) facilitate use of awareness training for clinical benefits for patients suffering from multiple chronic conditions and 2) contribute to scientific understanding of consciousness in health and illness.

Key words: mind-body, chronic pain, fibromyalgia, chronic insomnia, Gulf War illness, veterans, quality of life

Education History

Postdoctoral Fellowship University of Wisconsin
Postdoctoral Fellow
Stanford University
Postdoctoral Fellow
Postdoctoral Fellowship University of California
Postdoctoral Fellow
University of California
Undergraduate University of California

Selected Publications

Journal Article

  1. Djebbara Z, King J, Ebadi A, Nakamura Y, Bermudez J (2024). Contemplative Neuroaesthetics and Architecture: A Sensorimotor Exploration. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 13(1), 97-111.
  2. Garland EL, Nakamura Y, Bryan CJ, Hanley AW, Parisi A, Froeliger B, Marchand WR, Donaldson GW (2024). Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement for veterans and military personnel on long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain: A randomized clinical trial. Am J Psychiatry.
  3. Jamison RN, Edward RR, Brown R, Barrett BP, Burzinski CA, Lennon RP, Nakamura Y, Schiefelbein T, Garland EL, Zgierska AE (2023). Risk Factors for Self-Harm Ideation Among Persons Treated with Opioids for Chronic Low Back Pain. Clin J Pain, 39(12), 643-653.
  4. ZgierskaAE, Burzinski CA, Garland EL, Barrett B, Lennon RP, Brown RL, Schiefelbein AR, Nakamura Y, Stahlman B, Jamison RN, Edwards R (2023). Experiences of adults with opioid-treated chronic low back pain during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional survey study    . Medicine, 102(41).
  5. Parisi A, Zgierska AE, Burzinski CA, Lennon RP, Jamison RN, Nakamura Y, Barrett B, Edwards RR, Garland EL (2023). To be aware, or to accept, that is the question: Differential roles of awareness of automaticity and pain acceptance in opioid misuse. Drug Alcohol Depend, 247, 109890. (Read full article)
  6. Garland EL, Fix ST, Hudak JP, Bernat EM, Nakamura Y, Hanley AW, Donaldson GW, Marchand WR, Froeliger B (2021). Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement remediates anhedonia in chronic opioid use by enhancing neurophysiological responses during savoring of natural rewards. Psychol Med, 53(5), 2085-2094. (Read full article)
  7. Ho SS, Nakamura Y, Swain JE (2023). Path of intuitive compassion to transform conflicts into enduring peace and prosperity: Symmetry across domains of reiterated prisoner's dilemma, dyadic active inference, and Mahayana Buddhism. Front Psychol, 14, 1099800. (Read full article)
  8. Garland EL, Hanley AW, Hudak J, Nakamura Y, Froeliger B (2022). Mindfulness-induced endogenous theta stimulation occasions self-transcendence and inhibits addictive behavior. Science Advances, 8(41), eabo4455. (Read full article)
  9. Ho SS, Nakamura Y, Gopang M, Swain JE (2022). Intersubjectivity as an antidote to stress: Using dyadic active inference model of intersubjectivity to predict the efficacy of parenting interventions in reducing stress-through the lens of dependent origination in Buddhist Madhyamaka philosophy. Front Psychol, 13, 806755. (Read full article)
  10. Garland EL, Hanley AW, Nakamura Y, Barrett JW, Baker AK, Reese SE, Riquino MR, Froeliger B, Donaldson GW (2022). Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement vs. Supportive Group Therapy for Co-occurring Opioid Misuse and Chronic Pain in Primary Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med, 182(4), 407-417. (Read full article)
  11. Bedford CE, Nakamura Y, Marchand WR, Garland EL (2022). Heightened autonomic reactivity to negative affective stimuli among active duty soldiers with PTSD and opioid-treated chronic pain. Psychiatry Res, 309, 114394. (Read full article)
  12. Zgierska AE, Burzinski CA, Garland EL, Lennon RP, Jamison R, Nakamura Y, Barrett B, Sehgal N, Mirgain SA, Singles JM, Cowan P, Woods D, Edwards RR (2021). Mindfulness-based therapy compared to cognitive behavioral therapy for opioid-treated chronic low back pain: Protocol for a pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Contemp Clin Trials, 110, 106548. (Read full article)
  13. Hudak J, Hanley AW, Marchand WR, Nakamura Y, Yabko B, Garland EL (2020). Endogenous theta stimulation during meditation predicts reduced opioid dosing following treatment with Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement. Neuropsychopharmacology, 46(4), 836-843. (Read full article)
  14. Ho SS, Nakamura Y, Swain JE (2021). Compassion As an Intervention to Attune to Universal Suffering of Self and Others in Conflicts: A Translational Framework. Front Psychol, 11, 603385. (Read full article)
  15. Hudak J, Prince KC, Marchand WR, Nakamura Y, Hanley AW, Bryan CJ, Froeliger B, Garland EL (2020). The temporal dynamics of emotion dysregulation in prescription opioid misuse. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry, 104, 110024. (Read full article)
  16. Ho SS, Muzik M, Rosenblum KL, Morelen D, Nakamura Y, Swain JE (2020). Potential Neural Mediators of Mom Power Parenting Intervention Effects on Maternal Intersubjectivity and Stress Resilience. Front Psychiatry, 11, 568824. (Read full article)
  17. Hanley AW, Bernstein A, Nakamura Y, Hadash Y, Rojas J, Tennant KE, Jensen RL, Garland EL (2020). The Metacognitive Processes of Decentering Scale: Development and initial validation of trait and state versions. Psychol Assess, 32(10), 956-971.
  18. Garland EL, Hudak J, Hanley AW, Nakamura Y (2021). Mindfulness-oriented recovery enhancement reduces opioid dose in primary care by strengthening autonomic regulation during meditation. Am Psychol, 75(6), 840-852. (Read full article)
  19. Garland EL, Hanley AW, Riquino MR, Reese SE, Baker AK, Salas K, Yack BP, Bedford CE, Bryan MA, Atchley R, Nakamura Y, Froeliger B, Howard MO (2019). Mindfulness-oriented recovery enhancement reduces opioid misuse risk via analgesic and positive psychological mechanisms: A randomized controlled trial. J Consult Clin Psychol, 87(10), 927-940. (Read full article)
  20. Hanley AW, Nakamura Y, Garland EL (2018). The Nondual Awareness Dimensional Assessment (NADA): New tools to assess nondual traits and states of consciousness occurring within and beyond the context of meditation. Psychol Assess, 30(12), 1625-1639.
  21. Garland EL, Bryan CJ, Kreighbaum L, Nakamura Y, Howard MO, Froeliger B (2018). Prescription opioid misusing chronic pain patients exhibit dysregulated context-dependent associations: Investigating associative learning in addiction with the cue-primed reactivity task. Drug Alcohol Depend, 187, 13-21. (Read full article)
  22. Garland EL, Hanley AW, Bedford CE, Zubieta JK, Howard MO, Nakamura Y, Donaldson GW, Froeliger B (2018). Reappraisal deficits promote craving and emotional distress among chronic pain patients at risk for prescription opioid misuse. J Addict Dis, 37(1-2), 14-22. (Read full article)
  23. Garland EL, Baker AK, Larsen P, Riquino MR, Priddy SE, Thomas E, Hanley AW, Galbraith P, Wanner N, Nakamura Y (2017). Randomized Controlled Trial of Brief Mindfulness Training and Hypnotic Suggestion for Acute Pain Relief in the Hospital Setting. J Gen Intern Med, 32(10), 1106-1113. (Read full article)
  24. Bermudez J, Krizaj D, Lipschitz DL, Bueler CE, Rogowska J, Yurgelun-Todd D, Nakamura Y (2017). Externally-induced meditative states: an exploratory fMRI study of architects’ responses to contemplative architecture. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 6(2), 123-136.
  25. Garland EL, Bryan CJ, Nakamura Y, Froeliger B, Howard MO (2017). Deficits in autonomic indices of emotion regulation and reward processing associated with prescription opioid use and misuse. Psychopharmacology (Berl), 234(4), 621-629.
  26. Ho SS, Nakamura Y (2017). Healing Dysfunctional Identity: Bridging Mind-Body Intervention to Brain Systems. J Behav Brain Sci, 7(3), 137-164.
  27. Nakamura Y, Lipschitz DL, Donaldson GW, Kida Y, Williams SL, Landward R, Glover DW, West G, Tuteja AK (2017). Investigating Clinical Benefits of a Novel Sleep-Focused Mind-Body Program on Gulf War Illness Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Psychosom Med, 79(6), 706-718. (Read full article)
  28. Cheek J, Abrams EM, Lipschitz DL, Vago DR, Nakamura Y (2017). Creating Novel School-Based Education Programs to Cultivate Mindfulness in Youth: What The Letters Told Us. J Child Fam Stud, 26(9), 2564–2578.
  29. Garland EL, Bryan CJ, Nakamura Y, Froeliger B, Howard MO (2016). Deficits in autonomic indices of emotion regulation and reward processing associated with prescription opioid use and misuse. Psychopharmacology (Berl), 234(4), 621-629. (Read full article)
  30. Nakamura Y (2015). A body-mind-spirit intervention helps treat depression in India. Evid Based Nurs, 19(1), 10. (Read full article)
  31. Nakamura Y, Ho SS (2015). A Causal Versus Enabling Impact of Mindfulness on the Genesis of Meaning. Psychol Inq, 26(4), 358-364.
  32. Lipschitz DL, Kuhn R, Kinney AY, Grewen K, Donaldson GW, Nakamura Y (2015). An Exploratory Study of the Effects of Mind-Body Interventions Targeting Sleep on Salivary Oxytocin Levels in Cancer Survivors. Integr Cancer Ther, 14(4), 366-80. (Read full article)
  33. Garland EL, Beck AC, Lipschitz DL, Nakamura Y (2015). Dispositional mindfulness predicts attenuated waking salivary cortisol levels in cancer survivors: a latent growth curve analysis. J Cancer Surviv, 9(2), 215-22. (Read full article)
  34. Cheek J, Lipschitz DL, Abrams EM, Vago DR, Nakamura Y (2015). Dynamic reflexivity in action: an armchair walkthrough of a qualitatively driven mixed-method and multiple methods study of mindfulness training in schoolchildren. Qual Health Res, 25(6), 751-62. (Read full article)
  35. Campo RA, Light KC, OConnor K, Nakamura Y, Lipschitz D, LaStayo PC, Pappas LM, Boucher KM, Irwin MR, Hill HR, Martins TB, Agarwal N, Kinney AY (2015). Blood pressure, salivary cortisol, and inflammatory cytokine outcomes in senior female cancer survivors enrolled in a tai chi chih randomized controlled trial. J Cancer Surviv, 9(1), 115-25. (Read full article)
  36. Nakamura Y, Lipschitz DL, Kanarowski E, McCormick T, Sutherland DA, and Melow-Murchie M (2015). Investigating impacts of incorporating an adjuvant mind-body intervention method into treatment as usual at a community-based substance abuse treatment facility: A pilot randomized controlled study. Sage Open, (JM-2015), 1-18.
  37. Chapman CR, Bradshaw DH, Donaldson GW, Jacobson RC, Nakamura Y (2014). Central noradrenergic mechanisms and the acute stress response during painful stimulation. J Psychopharmacol, 28(12), 1135-42. (Read full article)
  38. Lipschitz DL, Landward R, Nakamura Y (2014). An exploratory study of an online mind–body program for poor sleepers in a community sample. Eur J Integr Med, 6(1), 48-55.
  39. Nakamura Y, Donaldson GW, Okufuji A (2014). Personality, Anxiety, and Individual Variation in Psychophysiological Habituation and Sensitization to Painful Stimuli. J Pain Relief, 3(4), 156.
  40. Campo RA, OConnor K, Light KC, Nakamura Y, Lipschitz DL, LaStayo PC, Pappas L, Boucher K, Irwin MR, Agarwal N, Kinney AY (2013). Feasibility and acceptability of a Tai Chi Chih randomized controlled trial in senior female cancer survivors. Integr Cancer Ther, 12(6), 464-74. (Read full article)
  41. Lipschitz DL, Kuhn R, Kinney AY, Donaldson GW, Nakamura Y (2013). Reduction in salivary alpha-amylase levels following a mind-body intervention in cancer survivors--an exploratory study. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38(9), 1521-31. (Read full article)
  42. Nakamura Y, Lipschitz DL, Kuhn R, Kinney AY, Donaldson GW (2013). Investigating efficacy of two brief mind-body intervention programs for managing sleep disturbance in cancer survivors: a pilot randomized controlled trial. J Cancer Surviv, 7(2), 165-82. (Read full article)
  43. Nakamura Y, Donaldson GW, Kuhn R, Bradshaw DH, Jacobson RC, Chapman RC (2012). Investigating dose-dependent effects of placebo analgesia: a psychophysiological approach. Pain, 153(1), 227-237. (Read full article)
  44. Vago DR, Nakamura Y (2011). Selective Attentional Bias Towards Pain-related Threat in Fibromyalgia: Preliminary Evidence for Effects of Mindfulness Meditation Training. Cognit Ther Res, 35(6), 581–594.
  45. Bradshaw DH, Donaldson GW, Jacobson RC, Nakamura Y, Chapman CR (2011). Individual differences in the effects of music engagement on responses to painful stimulation. J Pain, 12(12), 1262-73. (Read full article)
  46. Nakamura Y, Lipschitz DL, Landward R, Kuhn R, West G (2011). Two sessions of sleep-focused mind-body bridging improve self-reported symptoms of sleep and PTSD in veterans: A pilot randomized controlled trial. J Psychosom Res, 70(4), 335-45. (Read full article)
  47. Donaldson GW, Nakamura Y, Moinpour C (2009). Mediators, moderators, and modulators of causal effects in clinical trials--Dynamically Modified Outcomes (DYNAMO) in health-related quality of life. Qual Life Res, 18(2), 137-45. (Read full article)
  48. Moinpour CM, Donaldson GW, Nakamura Y (2009). Chemotherapeutic impact on pain and global health-related quality of life in hormone-refractory prostate cancer: Dynamically Modified Outcomes (DYNAMO) analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Qual Life Res, 18(2), 147-55. (Read full article)
  49. Tollefson DR, Webb K, Shumway D, Block SH, Nakamura Y (2009). A mind-body approach to domestic violence perpetrator treatment: Program overview and preliminary outcomes. J Aggress Maltreat Trauma, 18, 17-45.
  50. Bradshaw DH, Empy C, Davis P, Lipschitz D, Dalton P, Nakamura Y, Chapman CR (2008). Trends in funding for research on pain: a report on the National Institutes Of Health grant awards over the years 2003 to 2007. J Pain, 9(12), 1077-87, 1087.e1-8. (Read full article)
  51. Bradshaw DH, Nakamura Y, Chapman CR (2004). National Institutes of Health grant awards for pain, nausea, and dyspnea research: an assessment of funding patterns in 2003. J Pain, 6(5), 277-93. (Read full article)
  52. Volinn E, Nishikitani M, Volinn W, Nakamura Y, Yano E (2005). Back pain claim rates in Japan and the United States: framing the puzzle. Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 30(6), 697-704. (Read full article)
  53. Bradshaw DH, Nakamura Y, Chapman CR (2005). National institutes of health grant awards for pain, nausea, and dyspnea research: An assessment of funding patterns in 2003. J Pain, 6(5), 277-293.
  54. Donaldson GW, Chapman CR, Nakamura Y, Bradshaw DH, Jacobson RC, Chapman CN (2003). Pain and the defense response: structural equation modeling reveals a coordinated psychophysiological response to increasing painful stimulation. Pain, 102(1-2), 97-108. (Read full article)
  55. Nakamura Y, Chapman CR (2002). Measuring pain: an introspective look at introspection. Conscious Cogn, 11(4), 582-92. (Read full article)
  56. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y (2002). What role does intersubjectivity play in the facial expression of pain? Behav Brain Sci, 25(04), 455-456.
  57. Chapman CR, Donaldson GW, Nakamura Y, Jacobson RC, Bradshaw DH, Gavrin J (2003). A psychophysiological causal model of pain report validity. J Pain, 3(2), 143-55. (Read full article)
  58. Chapman CR, Donaldson GW, Nakamura Y, Jacobson RC, Bradshaw DH, Gavin JA (2002). A psychophysiological causal model of pain report validity. J Pain, 3(2), 143-155.
  59. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y, Donaldson GW, Jacobson RC, Bradshaw DH, Flores L, Chapman CN (2003). Sensory and affective dimensions of phasic pain are indistinguishable in the self-report and psychophysiology of normal laboratory subjects. J Pain, 2(5), 279-94. (Read full article)
  60. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y, Chapman CN (2000). Pain and folk theory. 1(2), 209-222.
  61. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y (1999). Pain and consciousness: a constructivist approach. Pain Forum, 8(3), 113-123.
  62. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y (1999). Apassion of the soul: an introduction to pain for consciousness researchers. Conscious Cogn, 8, 391-422.
  63. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y (1998). Hypnotic analgesia: A constructivist framework. Int J Clin Exp Hypn, Part II, 6-27.
  64. Uki J, Mendoza T, Cleeland CS, Nakamura Y, Takeda F (1998). A brief cancer pain assessment tool in Japanese: The utility of the Japanese Brief Pain Inventory—BPI-J. J Pain Symptom Manage, 16(6), 364-73.
  65. Cleeland CS, Nakamura Y, Mendoza TR, Edwards KR, Douglas J, Serlin RC (1996). Dimensions of the impact of cancer pain in a four country sample: new information from multidimensional scaling. Pain, 67(2-3), 267-73. (Read full article)
  66. Cleeland CS, Nakamura Y, Howland EW, Morgan NR, Edwards KR, Backonja M (1996). Effects of oral morphine on cold pressor tolerance time and neuropsychological performance. Neuropsychopharmacology, 15(3), 252-62. (Read full article)
  67. Serlin RC, Mendoza TR, Nakamura Y, Edwards KR, Cleeland CS (1995). When is cancer pain mild, moderate or severe? Grading pain severity by its interference with function. Pain, 61(2), 277-84. (Read full article)
  68. Howland EW, Nakamura Y, Cleeland CS, Suthers LS, Nichols SN, Zelman DC (1995). Effects of hypnosis on subjective pain ratings and evoked potential amplitudes. Analgesia (Elmsford N Y), 1(3), 171-184.
  69. Mandler G, Nakamura Y, Shebo-Van Zandt BJ (1987). Nonspecific effects of exposure on stimuli that cannot be recognized. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn, 13, 646-648.
  70. Mandler G, Nakamura Y (1987). Aspects of consciousness. Pers Soc Psychol Bull, 13, 299-313.

Book Chapter

  1. Bermudez, Julio and Nakamura, Yoshio (in press). Neurophenomenology and Sacred Architecture, First Steps. In Berger, Jonathan (Eds.), Listening In The Past - Sound, Space, and the Aesthetics of the Sublime.
  2. Swain, James Edward, Ho, S Shaun, Nakamura, Yoshio, Patterson, Genevieve, Gopang, Meroona, Kim, Pilyoung (in press). Parent-Infant Adaptive Biobehavioral Connections . In Joy D. Osofsky, Hiram E. Fitzgerald, Miri Keren, and Kaija Puura (Eds.), WAIMH Handbook of Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health – Biopsychosocial Factors, Volume One.
  3. Nakamura Y (in press). How Does Suffering Emerge from Pain? - A Relational Framework for Making Sense of Pain-Related Suffering: A Network Perspective. In Bustan, Smadar (Eds.), Pain and Suffering: Interdisciplinary Explorations. New York: Springer Publishing.
  4. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y (2013). Consciousness and Pain. In Schmidt, Robert F. and Gebhart, Gerald F. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Pain (2nd). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
  5. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y (2007). Consciousness and Pain. In Robert F. Schmidt and William D. Willis (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Pain (p. 3). Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  6. Nakamura Y (2006). Placebo effects and meaning response: Perspectives from consciousness studies. In Jianren Mao (Ed.), Translational Pain Research Volume 1 (1, pp. 315-334). Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  7. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y (2003). Feeling pain: a constructivist perspective. In Kalso E; Estlander A; Klockers M (Ed.), Psyche, Soma and Pain (pp. 115-123). Helsinki: The Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation.
  8. Nakamura Y, Chapman CR (2002). Constructing pain: How pain hurts. In Yasue K; Jibu M; Della Senta T (Ed.), No Matter, Never Mind (pp. 193-205). Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  9. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y (2001). The affective dimension of pain: mechanisms and implications. In Kaszniak A (Ed.), Emotions, Qualia and Consciousness (pp. 181-210). New Jersey: World Scientific.
  10. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y, Flores LY (2000). How we hurt: a constructivist framework for understanding individual differences in pain. In Kuzendorf RG; Wallace B (Ed.), Individual Differences in Conscious Experience (pp. 17-44). Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Co.
  11. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y, Flores LY (1999). Chronic pain and consciousness: A constructivist perspective. In Gatchel RJ; Turk DC (Ed.), Psychosocial Factors in Pain: Evolutions and Revolutions (pp. 35-55). New York: The Guilford Press.

Conference Proceedings

  1. Garland EL, Baker AK, Larsen P, Riquino MR, Priddy SE, Thomas EA, Hanley AW, Galbraith P, Wanner N, amp Nakamura Y (2016). A Randomized Controlled Trial of Brief Mindfulness Training vs. Hypnotic Suggestion for Acute Pain in the Hospital Setting. 16th World Congress on Pain, 26-30 September 2016, Yokohama, Japan: International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP).
  2. Abrams L, Lipschitz DL, Cheek J, Nakamura Y (2013). What the letters told us: school children’s understandings and experiences of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) training. Ninth International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, May 15-18, 2013.
  3. Chapman CR, Nakamura Y (1997). Implicit discrimination precedes explicit pain report. Proceeding of the First Annual Meeting of the Association for Scientific Study of Consciousness, Claremont, CA, The Association for Scientific Study of Consciousness.


  1. Nakamura Y (1995). Pain, consciousness, and memory under anesthesia. Ameican Pain Society Bulletin, 5(3), 9-13 & 24.


  1. Julio Bermudez, Yoshio Nakamura, Lin-Chin Chang, Edward Trudeau, Zakaria Djebbara, Mohamad Koubeissi, Amir Ebadi, Thomas Beaudoin, Madison Moore, Juliana Keagle (in press). Applying Neurophenomenology to Investigate Responses to Sacred vs. Secular Architecture: An Exploratory Study [Abstract]. (Epub ahead of print)


  1. Hudak J, Hanley AW, Marchand WR, Nakamura Y, Yabko B, Garland EL (2020). Correction: Endogenous theta stimulation during meditation predicts reduced opioid dosing following treatment with Mindfulness Oriented Recovery Enhancement. Neuropsychopharmacology (46(8), p. 1544). England. (Read full article)