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Department of Emergency Medicine


Recently Published Papers


Moss MJ, Hendrickson RG. Serotonin Toxicity: Associated Agents and Clinical Characteristics. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2019. PMID: 31688388.

Sherrod BA, Condie CK, Brock AA, Ledyard H, Menacho ST, Mazur MD. Emergent Reversal of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Permitting Neurosurgical Intervention for Non-hemorrhagic pathology: Case Report. World Neurosurg. 2019 Dec 3. PMID: 31809896. [Epub ahead of print].

Carlberg M, Lum M, Ojcius J, Perkins R, Carlson m, Steenblik J, Madsen T. Prevalence and Significance of Renal Dysfunction Among Emergency Department Observation Patients with Chest Pain. Crit Path Cardiol. 2019 Dec: 18(4): 185-188. PMID: 31725509.

Williams K, Lang ES, Panchai AR, Gasper JJ, Taillac P, Gouda J, Lyng JW, Goodlow JM, Hedges M. Evidence-Based Guidelines for EMS Administration of Naloxone. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2019 Nov-Dec; 23(6):749-763. Doi:10.1080/10903127.2019.1597955. [Epub 2019 Apr 17]. PMID: 30924736

Yamashiro KJ, Wishy AM, Beyer CA, Kastan HW, Galganski LA, Grayson JK, Johsnon MA, Stephenson JT, Trappey AF. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in a pediatric swine liver injury model: A pilot study. J Pediatr Surg. 2019 Nov 9. PMID: 31787320. [Epub ahead of print].

Johnson MA, Hoareau GL, Beyer CA, Caples CA, Spruce M, Grayson JK, Neff LP, Williams TK.  Not Ready for Prime time: Intermittent versus Partial REBOA for Prolonged Hemorrhage Control in a Highly Lethal Porcine Injury Model. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2019 Nov 27. PMID: 31804420. [Epub ahead of print].

Johnson A, Hoareau G, Neff L, Williams T. Letter to the Editor: Titrate to equilibrate and not exsanguinate! Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2019 Oct 29. DOI: 10.1097/TA.0000000000012528. [Epub ahead of print]

Stoecklein HH, Kelly C, Kaji AH, Fantegrossi A, Carlson M, Fix ML, Madsen T, Walls RM, Brown CA 3rd; NEAR Investigators. Multicetner Comparison of Non-supine versus Supine Positioning During Intubation in the Emergency Department: A National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR) Study. Acad Emerg Med. 2019 Oct; 26(10): 1144-1151. Doi: 10.1111/acem. 13805. [Epub 2019 Jul 26]. PMID: 31353265

DeSoucy ES, Davidson AJ, Hoareau GL, Simon MA, Tibbits EM, Ferencz S-AE, Grayson JK, Galante JM. The pharmacokinetics of tranexamic acid via intravenous, intraosseous, and intramuscular routs in a porcine (sus scrofa) hemorrhagic shock model. J Spec Op Med. [In Press].

Porter A, Difrancesca M, Slack S, Hudecek L, McIntosh SE. Improvised vs standard cervical collar to restrict spine movement in the backcountry environment. Wilderness Envrion Med. [Accepted and in press].

Badeau A, Carman C, Newman M, Steenblik J, Carlson M, Madsen T. Emergency department visits for electric scooter-related injuries after introduction of an urban rental program. Am J Emerg Med. 2019 Aug; 37(8): 1531-1533. Doi: 10.1016/j.ajem. 2019.05.003. [Epub 2019 May 16]. PMID: 31104782

McIntosh Se, Hemphill M, McDevitt MC, Gurung TY, Ghale M, Knott JR, Thapa GB, Basnyat B, Dow J, Weber DC, Grisson CK. In Reply. Wilderness Environ Med. 2019 Sep; 30(3):33-4-335. Doi:10.1016/j.wem.2019.06.010. [Epub 2019 Aug 8].

Hoareau GL, Tibbits EM, Simon MA, Davidson AJ, Desoucy ES, Faulconer ER, Grayson JK, Stewart IJ, Neff LP, Williams TK, Johnson MA. Renal effects of three endoaortic occlusion strategies in a swine model of hemorrhagic shock. [In press] 2019 Aug. 22 Doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2019.08.037  [Epub ahead of print].

Beyer C, Hoareau GL, Kashtan H, Wishy A, Caples C, Spruce M, Grayson JK, Neff LP, Williams TK, Johnson MA. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in a swine model of hemorrhagic shock and blunt thoracic injury. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2019. [In Press]. 2019 Oct 1. Doi: 10.1007/s00068-019-01185-3 [Epub ahead of print].

Kashtan H, Simon MA, Beyer CA, Wishy A, Hoareau GL, Grayson JK, Johnson MA. Effects of extended lower extremity cooling following zone 3 REBOA in a porcine hemorrhage model. Mil Med 2019. [In Press].

Hoareau GL, Barthélemy A, Goy-Thollot IG, Pouzot-Nevoret C, Beyer CA, Lauren Walker L, Stewart I, Grayson JK. Reference intervals and the effects of sample handling and sex on rotational thromboelastometry in healthy adult pigs. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci [In Press]

Spruce MW, Beyer CA, Caples CM, DeSoucy ES, Kashtan HW, Hoareau GL, Grayson JK, Johnson MA. Pharmacokinetics of Tranexamic Acid Given as an Intramuscular Injection Compared to Intravenous Infusion in a Swine Model of Ongoing Hemorrhage. Shock. 2019 Aug 5. Doi:10.1097/SHK.0000000000001427. [Epub ahead of print]

Kelly C, Ockerse P. Reply to : ECPR in acute aortic dissection- Really a no-go? Am J Emerg Med. 2019 Aug;37(8):1591. Doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2019.04.039. [Epub 2019 Apr 22]. PMID: 31128932

Pickett J, Haas MRC, Fix, ML, Tabatabia RR< Carrick A, Robertson J, Barnes AV, Ondeyka A, Brown MJ, Edwards ER, Dehon E. Training in the Management of Psych behavior Conditions: A Needs Assessment Survey of Emergency Medicine Residents. AEM Educ Train. 2019 Jul 30; 3(4): 365-374. Doi: 10.1002/aet2.10377. eCollection 2019 Oct.

McIntosh Se, Freer L, Grisson CK, Auerbach PS, Rodway GW, Cochran A, Giesbrecht GG, McDevittM, Imray CH, Johnson EL, Pandey P, Dow J, Hackett PH. Wilderness Medical Society Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Frostbite: 2019 Update. Wilderness Environ Med. 2019 Jul 17. PMID: 31326282. [Epub ahead of print]

Moss MJ. Salicylate toxicity from ingestion of an oil wintergreen containing insecticide. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2019 Jul 3:1-2. Doi: 10.1080/15563650.2019.1635254. PMID: 31267790. [Epub ahead of print]

Amirshahi MM, Moss MJ, Smith SW, Nelson LS, Stolbach AI. ACMT Position Statement: Addressing Pediatric Cannabis Exposure. J Med Toxicol. 2019 Jul; 15(3): 212-214. Doi: 10.1007/a13181-019-00708-z. PMID: 30945126. [Epub ahead of print]

Lukas Am, Auerbach PS, Freer L, Grissom CK, Keyes LE, McIntosh SE, Rodway GW, Schoene RB, Zafren K, Hackett PH. Wilderness Medical Society Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Acute Altitude Illness: 2019 Update. Wilderness Environ Med. 2019 Jun 24. PMID: 31248818 [Epub ahead of print]

Kelly C, Ockerse P, Glotzbach J, Jedick R, Carlberg M, Skaggs J, Morgan D. Transesophageal echocardiography identification of aortic dissection during cardiac arrest and cessation of ECMO initiation. AJEM. 2019 Jun; 37(6): 1214e5-1214e6. Doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2019.02.039. [Epub 26 Feb 2019]. PMID: 30862393

McIntosh SE, Brant-Zawadski G, Milliner BH, Christensen ED, Nyberg AA, Grissom CK, Olivares CR, Kim HS, Tremper B. Cause of Death in Utah Avalanche Fatalities, 2006-2007 through 2017-2018 Winter Seasons. Wilderness Environ Med. 2019 Jun;30(2):191-194. Doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2019.02.007. [Epub 2019 Apr 17] PMID: 31005608

Fair J, Mallin MP, Alder A, Ockerse P, Steenblik J, Tonna J, Youngquist ST. Transesophageal Echocardiography During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is Associated with Shorter Compression Pauses Compared with Transthoracic Echocardiography. Ann Emerg Med. 2019 Jun; 73(6):610-616. Dio: 10.1016/j.annemergmed. 2019.01.018. [Epub 2019 Feb 14]

Drapkin Z, Franchek-Roa K, Srinivas GL, Buchi KF, Miescier MJ. Is my baby normal? A review of seemingly worrisome but normal newborn signs, symptoms, and behaviors. Am J Emerg Med. 2019 Jun;37(6): 1153-1159. Doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2019.03.028. [Epub 2019 Mar 20].

Stoecklein HH, Kelly C, Kaji AH, Fantegrossi A, Carlson M, Fix ML, Madsen T, Walls RM, Brown CA 3rd; NEAR Investigators. Multicenter Comparison of Non-supine versus Supine Positioning During Intubation in the Emergency Department: A National Emergency Airway Registry (NEAR) Study. Acad Emerg Med. 2019 May 22. Doi: 10.1111/acem. 13805. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 31116893

Metcalf RA, Calvaresi E, Tonna JE, Blaylock R, Pearson L. Severe intravascular hemolysis following extracorporeal right ventricular assist device placement. Transfusion. 2019 Apr: 59(4):1178-1179. Doi: 1111/trf.15136. PMID: 30950087.

Adelgais KM, Sholl JM, Alter R, Gurley KL, Broadwater-Hollifield C, Taillac P. Challenges in Statewide Implementation of Prehospital Evidence-Based Guideline: An Assessment of Barriers and Enables in Five States. Preshosp Emerg Care. 2019 Mar-Apr; 1-12. Doi: 10.1080/10903127.2018.1495284. [Epub 2018 Aug 17]. PMID: 30118367.

Williams K, Lang ES, Panchai AR, Gasper JJ, Taillac P, Gouda J, Lyng JW, Goodlow JM, Hedges M. Evidence-Based Guidelines for EMS Administration of Naloxone. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2019 Mar 29 ;1-15. Doi:10.1080/10903127.2019.1597955. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 30924736

Amirshahi MM, Moss MJ, Smith SW, et al. ACMT Position Statement: Addressing Pediatric Cannabis Exposure. J Med Toxicol. 2019. Doi: 10/1007/s13181-019-00708-z. PMID: 30945126.

McIntosh SE, Hemphill M, McDevitt MC, Gurung TY, Ghale M, Knott JR, Thapa GB, Basnyat B, Dow J, Weber DC, K Grissom C. Reduced Acetazolamide Dosing in Countering Altitude Illness: A Comparison of 62.5 vs 125 mg (the RADICAL Trial). Wilderness Environ Med. 2019 Mar; 30(1):12-21. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Hawley A, O’Farrell AL, Mercuri M, McIntosh S. Rock Climber Self Rescue Skills. Wilderness Environ Med. 2019. [Epub ahead of print]

Madsen T, Perkins R, Holt B, Carlson M, Steenblik J, Bossart P, Hartsell S. Emergency Department Observation Unit Utilization Among Older Patients with Chest Pain. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2019 Mar ;18(1):19-22. Dio: 10.1097/HPC.0000000000000166. PMID: 30747761

Caterino JM, Adler D, Durham DD, Yeung SJ, Hudson MF, Bastani A, Berstein SL, Baugh CW, Coyne CJ, Grudzen CR, Henning DJ, Klotz A, Madsen TE, Pallin DJ, Reyes-Gibby CC, Rico JF, Ryan RJ, Shapiro NI, Swor R, Venkat A, Wilson J, Thomas CR Jr, Bischof JJ, Lyman GH. Analysis of Diagnoses, Symptoms, Medications, and Admissions Among Patients with Cancer Presenting to Emergency Departments. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Mar 1; 2(3):e190979.doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0979. PMID: 3090149

Martin LA, Kilpatrick JA, Al-Dulaimi R, Mone MC, Tonna JE, Barton RG, Brooke BS. Predicting ICU readmission among surgical ICU patients: development and validation of a clinical nomogram. Surgery. 2019 Feb ; 165(2):373-380. dio: 10.1016/j.surg/2018.06.053. PMID: 30170817 [Epub 2018 Aug 29]

Leiser CL, Hanson HA, Sawyer K, Steenblik J, Al-Dulaimi R, Madsen T, Gibbins K, Hotaling JM, Ibrahim YO, VanDerslice JA, Fuller M. Acute effects of air pollutants on spontaneous pregnancy loss: A case-crossover study. Fertil Steril. 2019 Feb; 111(2):341-347. Dio: 10.1018/j.fertnstert.2018.10.028. [Epub 2018 Dec 5]

Krulewitz NA, Fix ML. Epistaxis. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2019 Feb; 37 (1):29-30. Review. PMID: 30454778

Drapkin Z, Madsen TE, Weaver N, Soprano JV. Accuracy of Parental-Reported Tetanus Vaccination Status for Children With Lacerations. Pediatr Emerg Care.2019 Jan 29. Ido:10.1097/PEC.0000000000001739. [Epub ahead of print]

Kelly C, Carlberg M, Madsen T. Spontaneous pneumothorax resulting in tension physiology. Am J EMerg Med. 2019; 37(1):173. E1-173.e2. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2018.09.036.


Farrugia LA, Rhyee SH, Campleman SL, Judge B, Kao L, Pizon A, Porter L, Riederer AM, Wiegand T, Calello DP, Wax PM, Brent J; Toxicology Investicators Consortium (ToxIC) Study Group (Caravati E). Correction to: The Toxicology Investigators Consortium Case Registry- The Annual Report. J Med toxicol. 2018 Dec; 14 (4): 333. MID: 30276620.


Cushman DM, Borowski L, Hansen C, Hendrick J, Bushman T, Teramoto M. Gabapentin and Tricyclics in the Treatment of Post-Concussive Headache, a Retrospective Cohort Study. Headache. 2018 Nov 19. DOI: 10.111/head.13451. [Epub ahdad of print]. PMID: 30451286.


Nichols TB, Hawley AC, Smith WR, Wheeler AR 3rd, McIntosh SE. Avalanche Safety Practices Among Backcountry Skiers and Snowboarders in Jackson Hole in 2016. Wilderness Environ Med. 2018 Sept 10. Pii: S1080-6032(18)30104-2. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 30213711


Drapkin Z, Szadklowski MA, Plumb J, Caravati EM. Acute Cerebellitis in a 5-Year-Old Child. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Sep ;34(9):e175-e177. Dio: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001613. PMID: 30180107.


Kelly C, Agy C, Carlson M, Steenblik J, Bledsoe J, Hartsell S, Madsen T. Family history of venous thromboembolism predicts the diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism in the emergency department. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Sept; 36(9): 1550-1554. Doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.01.023. [Epub 2018 Jan 6]. PMID: 29338966


Johsnon JK, Lohse B, Bento HA, Noren CS, Marcus RL, Tonna JE. Improving Outcomes for Critically Ill Cardiovascular Patients through Increased Physical Therapy Staffing. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Aug 30. Pii: S0003-9993(18)31173-0. Doi: 10.1026/j.apmr.2018.07.437. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 30172645.


Stoecklein H, Youngquist ST. The role of Medical Direction in Systems of Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Cardiol Clin. 2018 Aug; 36(3):409-417. Doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2018.03.008. review. PMID: 30293607


Reese T, Segall N, Nesbitt P, Del Fiol G, Waller R, Macpherson BC, Tonna JE, Wright MC. Patient information organization in the intensive care setting: expert knowledge elicitation with card sorting methods. J Am Med Infrom Assoc. 2018 Aug 1 ; 25(8): 1026-1035. Dio: 10.1093/jamia/ocy045. PMID: 30060091


Guan J, Karsy M, Brock AA, Eli IM, Manton GM, Ledyard HK, Hawryluk GWJ, Park MS. Vitamin D Status and 3-month Glasgow Outcome Scale in patients in neurocritical care: prospective analysis of 497 patients. J Neurosurg. 2018 Jun ;128(6): 1635-1641. Doi: 10.3171/2017.2.JNS163037. [Epub 2017 Aug 11]


Glotzbach JP, Sharma V, Tonna JE, Pettit JC, McKellar SH, Eckhauser AU, Varghese TK Jr, Selzman CH. Value-driven cardiac surgery: Achieving ‘perfect care” after coronary artery bypass grafting. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Jun 4. ;ii:S0022-5223(18)31470-3. Doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.03.177. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 30017448


Madsen T, Jedick R, Teeples T, Carlson M, Steenblik J. Impact of altitude-adjusted hypoxia on the Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 May 24. Pii:S0735-6757(18)30429-7. Dio:10/1016/j.ajem.2018.05.050. [Epub ahead of print]


Kay AB, Majercik S, Sorensen J, Woller SC, Stevens SM, White TW, Morris DS, Baldwin M, Bledsoe JR. Weight-based enoxaparin dosing and deep vein thrombosis in hospitalized trauma patients: A double-blind, randomized, pilot study. Surgery. 2018 Apr 23. Pii:S0039-6060(18)30094-1. Dio:10.1016/j.surg.2018.03.001. [Epub ahead of print]


Majersik JJ, Youngquist ST. Mass Migration of Stroke Populations: For better or worse, away they go. Neurology. 2018 May 1; 90(18):821-22. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005428. Epub 2018 Apr 4. PMID: 29618624.


Tonna JE, Kawamoto K, Presson AP, Zhang C, Mone MC, Glasgo RE, Barton RG, Hoidal JR, Anzai Y. Single intervention for a reduction in portable chest radiography (pCXR) in cardiovascular and surgical/trauma ICUs and associate outcomes. J Crit Care. 2018 Apr;44:18-23. Doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2017.10.003. [Epub 2017 Oct 5]. PMID: 29024879.


Kang TS, Ko BS, Drakos SG, Stehlik J, Bott SI, Koliopoulou A, Tonna JE, Bowen ME, Stoddard K, Selzman CH, McKeller SH. Safety of long-distance transfers of patients on acute mechanical circulatory support. J Surg Res. 2018 Apr;224:18-22. Doi: 10.106/j.jss.2017.11.-37. Epub 2017 Dec 22. PMID: 29506838


Hewes HA, Dai M, Mann NC, Baca T, Taillac P. Prehospital Pain Management: Disparity by Age and Race. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 mar-Apr;22(2):189-197. Doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1367444. [Epub 2017 Sept 28] PMID: 28956669


Recently Published Non-Research Papers and Publicity


Researchrs Simulate Avalanches, Bury Study Participants to Test Avalanche Airbags. KSL: Jed Boal. 11 Mar 2019.


Recently Accepted for Publication


McIntosh, Brandt-Zawadzki, Milliner. Avalance Fatalities in Utah.


Dayton/Simon/Dark : Assessing the Performance of Freestanding Emergency Centers in meeting the Institute for Healthcare improvement Triple Aim goal of improving the patient experience of care.





2019 Western SAEM Best Abstract – Nick Levin : Changes in Patients’ MEWS Scores while in the ED Predict Mortality, ICU Admission and LOS


2016 ACEP American College of Emergency Physicians Outstanding Section Newsletter Award – Dr John Dayton for his work with the Freestanding Emergency Center


2016 Distinguished Service Award of the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology – E. Martin Caravati, MD, MPH





Austin Stevens
Director, Research & Science